In the winter, Nlaka’pamux Indians lived in large earth-covered houses built parley underground. Small settlements, rarely more than four houses, were located in sheltered river valleys. Related families of up to 30 persons lived in each house.
The village model shows two winter houses, one under construction. Wooden framework is covered by poles, then pine needles or dry grass and lastly by earth. People enter and leave the house through the smoke hole, using a ladder. An underground storage cellar is seen between the two houses.