How do we read the rocks?
How has the Earth evolved? Why are there ocean basins, continents, and mountains? What causes climate and climate change? Why is the Earth habitable? The answers to questions like these are buried beneath our feet. The rocks are the evidence, but to learn from them we must know how to read them. This leads to our fifth question: How do we read the rocks? The rocks around you have been collected to answer the questions posed by this exhibition. Each rock provides its own unique piece of the Earth’s story.
Topic: Earth Science
Subtopic: Earth Formation/Evolution
Keywords: Geology, Earth (Planet)--Surface, Earth (Planet)--History, Rocks
Until the end of the 18th century, scientists believed that the Earth was no more than a few thousand years old.
This is a statement of the uniformitarian principle.
The Scottish naturalist James Hutton (1726-1797) is known as the father of geology because of his attempts to formulate geological principles based on observations of rocks.
There are three kinds of rock: igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic.
In order to understand geological processes, we need to envision time periods far greater than the hourly, daily, and yearly progression that dominates our everyday lives.
For geologists, the Grand Canyon is one of the most spectacular natural laboratories on our planet.