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Transformed Rocks

Transformed rocks

Transformed rocks

  • Exhibition Text

    • Working in the Scottish Highlands, the geologist G. M. Barrow discovered in 1893 that an extensive layer of rock, once a uniform sediment, shows progressive transformation of its mineral content. He realized that the specific minerals depend on the extent to which the rocks had been heated. The metamorphism transformed the rock into different kinds of schists. This systematic evolution of mineral content is known as Barrovian zoning, and is seen in eroded mountain ranges worldwide.

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  • For Educators

    • Topic: Earth Science

      Subtopic: Mountain Building

      Keywords: Barrow, George (1853 – 1932), Metamorphic rocks, Metamorphism (Geology), Minerals

In This Section

Barrovian Sequence

Barrovian sequence

These four samples were originally identical shales whose mineralogy changed as they were subjected to increasing pressure and temperature.

Ultra-High Pressure Rock

Ultra-high pressure rock

The presence of diamond in this rock indicates that it had been buried to a depth of about 130 kilometers.

Gore Mountain Garnet

Gore Mountain garnet

This sample of garnet-bearing amphibolite is a spectacular illustration of how metamorphism and deformation can cause a complete change in texture.

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