Shortcut Navigation:
Formation of the Himalayas

Formation of the Himalayas

Formation of the Himalayas

  • Exhibition Text

    • Forty million years ago, the continent of India, which was being carried northward by the Indo-Australian plate, collided with Asia. Since the initial encounter, the subcontinent of India has moved 2,000 kilometers farther north at a rate of 5 centimeters a year, sliding beneath Asia as it moves. Consequently, the crust has become unusually thick, reaching a maximum of 78 kilo-meters beneath the Tibetan plateau. This thick, light crust rides atop the denser mantle, adding to the Himalayas’ great height.

      Show more
  • For Educators

    • Topic: Earth Science

      Subtopic: Mountain Building

      Keywords: Himalaya Mountains, India, Orogeny, Plate tectonics

American Museum of Natural History

Central Park West at 79th Street
New York, NY 10024-5192
Phone: 212-769-5100

Open daily from 10 am - 5:45 pm
except on Thanksgiving and Christmas
Maps and Directions

Enlighten Your Inbox

Stay informed about Museum news and research, events, and more!