Rising nearly 11,000 feet above sea level on the Mediterranean island of Sicily, Mt. Etna is one of the largest, most active volcanoes in the world, producing at least one eruption a year. The volcano's first lava flows of 2013 came this week, on February 19 and 20. Find out how researchers monitor and forecast the location and time of Mt. Etna's activity in this Science Bulletins video.
The word "whale" may bring to mind the image of a blue whale, the largest animal ever to have lived. But did you know that dolphins and porpoises are also specialized whales? Today, there about 80 species of living whales, or cetaceans. Among these marine mammals, there are two groups: baleen and toothed.
Later today, an asteroid designated 2012 DA14 will pass just 17,200 miles over Earth’s surface. Although this 150-foot space rock will slip harmlessly by, researchers estimate there are nearly 500,000 near-Earth asteroids. So far, they’ve tracked the orbit of 9,600. How do researchers track asteroids, anyway? A Science Bulletins video explains more about the process, and more about the odds of an asteroid collision with Earth.
Talk about an eventful Friday night! Tomorrow night, a small asteroid will travel nearer Earth than any astronomers have identified beforehand. “It’s the closest that we’ve seen ahead of time,” says Denton S. Ebel, curator in the Division of Physical Sciences (Earth and Planetary Sciences).
For more about the asteroid flyby, participate in a live Twitter chat with Ebel, this Friday, February 15, at noon ET. Post your questions here or use hashtag #asteroidchat on Twitter.