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About 90% of volcanic eruptions happen at the bottom of the ocean.

Some meteorites are as old as the solar system.

The Western United States is one of the best places in the world to find dinosaur fossils. 

What's the Big Idea About Earth?

Photos: Grand Canyon: NPS; Seattle earthquake: USGS; Wrangel mountain: USGS; Anatahan volcano: NOAA; Protoceratops fossil: courtesy of AMNH; marine fossil: NPS; gabbro: courtesy of AMNH; igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks: courtesy of AMNH; Mars: NASA/JPL; scientist at volcano: USGS; Illustrations: courtesy of AMNH

Take a peek at our planet's layers, learn what secrets rocks reveal, and gain a long view of history.

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Hurricanes: Storms from the sea
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Earthquakes: Tremors from Below
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Volcanoes: Magma Rising
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Create a Compass

Photos: courtesy of AMNH

See if you can find north by making your own compass.

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Earth Books

Explore Earth's deepest mysteries with these nine books.

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Edible Earth

All Photos and Illustrations: courtesy of AMNH

Make a model of Earth's layers that's good enough to eat!

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If Rocks Could Talk

Photos: Rondi Davies and all rocks: courtesy of AMNH, Roderick Mickens

Meet six rocks that travelled to the Museum from places like Mexico, Scotland, and even outer space.

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Jade

Photos: Introductory Page: jade objects: courtesy of AMNH; George Harlow: courtesy of George Harlow and colleagues; Jade Around the World: China: all photos: courtesy of AMNH; Mesoamerica: all photos: courtesy of AMNH, Denis Finnin; New Zealand: all photos: courtesy of AMNH; Other Places: taishu: Museum of Itoigawa City; Switzerland: Peter Vollenweider/Natural History Museum Bern; all other photos: courtesy of AMNH; What Makes Jade Special: Raw Jade: all photos: courtesy of AMNH, Denis Finnin; Colors & Patterns: all photos: courtesy of AMNH; Translucency: jade: courtesy of AMNH, Denis Finnin; George Harlow: courtesy of AMNH, Roderick Mickens; Durability: tools: courtesy of AMNH; diamond: courtesy of AMNH, Rondi Davies; tools around the world: top left, Peter Vollenweider/Natural History Museum Bern; other jade tools, courtesy of AMNH; raw jade: courtesy of AMNH, Denis Finnin; Carving: jade objects: courtesy of AMNH; workers: courtesy of George Harlow and colleagues; How Jade Forms: From Deep Within the Earth: field and raw jade photos: courtesy of George Harlow and colleagues; Tools in the Lab: SEM: courtesy of AMNH; all other photos: courtesy of George Harlow; Hunting for Jade: The Mystery of Mesoamerica: all field photos: courtesy of George Harlow and colleagues (Virginia B. Sisson, Sorena S. Sorensen, Hans G. Avà Lallemant, Carlos Gonzales, Russell Seitz, Mauricio Chiquin Yoj, Thomas W. Donnelly, E. Peter Olds, Robert Kane, Han Htun, Myint Soe, Dr. Saw Nawn U, and George R. Rossman) raw jade and artifact match: courtesy of George Harlow and colleagues; two artifacts: courtesy of AMNH, Denis Finnin; On the Hunt in Guatemala: all field photos: courtesy of George Harlow and colleagues; raw jade: courtesy of AMNH, Denis Finnin; Making Sense of Jade: all field photos: courtesy of George Harlow and colleagues; George Harlow and collection: courtesy of AMNH, Denis Finnin; Mining in Myanmar: all field photos: courtesy of George Harlow and colleagues; jade pendant: courtesy of AMNH, Denis Finnin; Jade Today: Guatemalan objects: La Casa del Jade; all other photos: courtesy of AMNH, Denis Finnin; Illustrations: subduction: Eric Hamilton; jadeite formation: courtesy of George Harlow

Take a peek into a mineralogist's scrapbook to see why he thinks jade is so special.

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Journey to Deep Sea Vents

Photos: Ro Kinzler: courtesy of AMNH; Illustrations: Alvin exterior and interior, school of fish, jellyfish, deep-sea angler fish: Ned Shaw; deep sea vents and animals: Kathy Konkle

All aboard! Hop on a submersible and explore an amazing diversity of life at the ocean floor.

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Make Your Own Earth Stationery

Illustrations Eric Hamilton

Send a note to a friend with these earthy letterheads.

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Make Your Own Weather Station

Photos: courtesy of AMNH

Create weather tools to gather wind, rain, and pressure data in your neighborhood.

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Making Rocks

Photos: courtesy of AMNH; Illustrations: erupting volcano and soda bottles: Eric Hamilton

Visit a scientist's lab to see how he creates a magma chamber!

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Meet the OLogist: Ed Mathez

Photos: Ed Mathez: courtesy of AMNH; Montana mountains: NPS; rocks: courtesy of AMNH; Ed in Greenland: courtesy of AMNH, Ed Mathez; Ed looking over defunct chromitemine: courtesy of AMNH, Denis Finnin; collecting boulder: courtesy of AMNH, Denis Finnin; deep sea vents: Dr. Michael Perfit, University of Florida, and NOAA VENTS Program; Mount St. Helens: USGS; Earth: NASA/JPL; Grand Canyon: courtesy of AMNH; Stillwater mine: courtesy of AMNH, Denis Finnin; lava: NOAA; big blue machine: courtesy of AMNH, Rondi Davies; banded iron: courtesy of AMNH; Ed examining chromitite: courtesy of AMNH, Denis Finnin; Ed examining rock and in the collection: courtesy of AMNH; Illustrations: recycling bin: courtesy of AMNH

Do you dig the Earth? If so, you'll want to meet Ed.

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Meet the Earth OLogists

Photos: Ed Mathez pages: Ed Mathez: courtesy of AMNH; Montana mountains: NPS; rocks: courtesy of AMNH; Ed in Greenland: courtesy of AMNH, Ed Mathez; Ed looking over defunct chromitemine: courtesy of AMNH, Denis Finnin; collecting boulder: courtesy of AMNH, Denis Finnin; deep sea vents: Dr. Michael Perfit, University of Florida, and NOAA VENTS Program; Mount St. Helens: USGS; Earth: NASA/JPL; Grand Canyon: courtesy of AMNH; Stillwater mine: courtesy of AMNH, Denis Finnin; lava: NOAA; big blue machine: courtesy of AMNH, Rondi Davies; banded iron: courtesy of AMNH; Ed examining chromitite: courtesy of AMNH, Denis Finnin; Ed examining rock and in the collection: courtesy of AMNH; recycling bin illustration: courtesy of AMNH; Arjun: MOunt St. Helens: NPS; all other photos: courtesy of AMNH; Diana: headshot: courtesy of AMNH; all other photos: courtesy of Diana; Ruthmabel: all photos: courtesy of Ruthmabel

Do you dig the Earth? If so, you'll want to meet Ed, Arjun, Diana, and Ruthmabel.

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Planetary Mysteries

Photos: solar nebula: J. Bally (U. Colorado); H. Throop (SwRI); C.R. O¹Dell (Vanderbilt U.); NASA; Mercury exterior: NASA/JPL; Venus: NASA/JPL; Moon: Galileo Project, NASA; craters on Venus: NASA/JPL; owl and flower: courtesy of AMNH; coral reef: courtesy of Ian Skipworth, http://www.ianskipworth.com; bacteria: NASA; underwater scene: courtesy of AMNH; Earth's atmosphere: STS-91 Crew, NASA; Mars (all photos): NASA/JPL; Jupiter (all photos): NASA/JPL; Saturn (all photos): NASA/JPL; Uranus sideway tilt: Hubble Space Telescope; Uranus (all other photos): NASA/JPL; Neptune and Triton (all photos): NASA/JPL; Pluto (all photos): NASA/JPL; Illustrations: planets: James Hastings-Trew, http://gw.marketingden.com/planets/planets.html Mercury, Earth, and Jupiter cutaway: Calvin J. Hamilton, http://www.solarviews.com; solar system formation: E. Churchwell (University of Wisconsin); JPL, Caltech, NASA; planets comparison: NASA/JPL Messenger spacecraft: NASA; Magellan spacecraft: NASA/JPL; Jason-1 spacecraft and climate model: NASA/JPL; Odyssey spacecraft: NASA/JPL; Galileo spacecraft: NASA/JPL; Cassini-Huygens spacecraft: NASA/JPL; diagrams of Uranus and Earth tilt: Calvin J. Hamilton, http://www.solarviews.com; Voyager 2 spacecraft: NASA/JPL New Horizons spacecraft: NASA/JPL

Take a virtual tour of our solar system to explore its many mysteries.

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Plates on the Move

Photos: Explore How Plates Affect Your World: Alaska earthquake: USGS; Mount St. Helens: U.S. Department of Interior; San Francisco earthquake: USGS; Hawaii: NASA; Mid-Atlantic Ridge: Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution; Chile earthquake: USGS; Mount Etna: NASA; Turkey earthquake: USGS; Mount Kilimanjaro: NASA; Himalayas mountains: NASA; Krakatau volcano: courtesy of R.W. Decker, http://www.doubledeckerpress.com; Mount Fuji: NASA and AMSR-E; How Plates Affect Our Planet: Mount Rainier: United States Geological Survey (USGS); Himalayas mountains: NASA; Appalachian mountains: National Park Service (NPS); Alaska earthquake: USGS; San Francisco earthquake: USGS; Hawaiian hot spot: USGS; Old Faithful geyser: INEEL; Illustrations: flat maps of the Earth: courtesy of AMNH; plate movements, event icons, Pangaea: Eric Hamilton; Earth cutaway: courtesy of AMNH

Volcanoes, tsunamis, earthquakes... Examine how plate tectonics affect our world.

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Start a Rock Collection

Photos: courtesy of AMNH, Carl Bespolka

Every rock has a story to tell. Learn how to create a collection that rocks!

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The Amazing Mundo

Photos: glasses, magnifying glass, computer chip, bike, pumping gas, polyester toy: courtesy of the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH); braces: courtesy of AMNH, Craig Chesek; Brooklyn Bridge: The City of New York rocket: NASA; Illustrations: Daryll Collins

Mundo Shamundo! Can you help Mandy study for her geology test?

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What Do You Know About Earth?

Photos: rock photos: courtesy of AMNH; Earth from space: NASA/JPL

Test your knowledge about our planet Earth with this quiz.

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What's This?

Photos: Frozen Tissue Collection: All specimens from the Frozen Tissue Collection, frilled leaf-tailed gecko: AMNH / Denis Finnin cryovat, test tubes: AMNH / Craig Chesek humpback whale: John J. Mosesso / NBII coyote: AMNH; Gold: gold sheet mouflon, miniature sacrificial figurine, Spanish coins: AMNH / Craig Chesek Inca necklace: AMNH / Denis Finnin Eureka Bar: AMNH / Roderick Mickens astronaut in space: NASA computer chip: stock.xchng; Leeches: jaw: Eye of Science / Photo Researchers, Inc. bite mark: Geoff Tompkinson / Photo Researchers, Inc. leech feeding on snail: Edward Hendrycks, reproduce courtesy of the Canadian Museum of Nature leeches before and after blood meal, leeches on foot, American Medicinal Leech, Malagobdella vagans, Mark Siddall in swamp: courtesy of Mark Siddall; Dioramas: AMNH / Roderick Mickens; Mythic Creatures: All photos courtesy of American Museum of Natural History; Vietnam: pygmi loris, Tonkin snub-nosed monkey: Tilo Nadler / Frankfurt Zoological Society Oriental pit viper: Robert W. Murphy / Royal Ontario Museum scientists with camera trap: Kevin Frey / AMNH Center for Biodiversity and Conservation saola: European Commission, Social Forestry and Nature Conservation

Can you tell the difference between an Emmy award and an Olympic medal? Test your knowledge of gold-plated objects. 

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Meet the Universe's Main Attraction... Gravity

Photos: Girl: courtesy of Denis Finnin, AMNH; Baseball: courtesy of Denis Finnin, AMNH; Illustrations: Newton: Amanda Duffy; Foot: Jim Paillot; Juggler: Chris Van Dunsen; Mars: Daryl Collins

Find out why a ball thrown in the air will return to the ground. 

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Grow Rock Candy

Photos: Diamond: courtesy of AMNH, Rondi Davies calcite and topaz: USGS; jadeite: courtesy of AMNH; all other photos: courtesy of AMNH

Create your own crystals with sugar. Then enjoy your tasty treat!

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