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What Do You Know About Archaeology?

Photos: site excavation: courtesy of Chuck Spencer; Oaxaca, Mexico: courtesy of Christina Elson; pottery shards: courtesy of AMNH; bracelet: courtesy of AMNH

Test your knowledge in this quiz about what it takes to dig up the past.

What's the Big Idea About Archaeology?

Photos: pottery: courtesy of AMNH; artifacts: courtesy of AMNH; monument: courtesy of Christina Elson; woman working: courtesy of AMNH; excavation site: courtesy of Chuck Spencer; building remains: courtesy of Chuck Spencer; Building excavation: courtesy Christina Elson; pottery pieces: courtesy of Christina Elson; grid: courtesy of Chuck Spencer; Jaguar urn: courtesy of AMNH; New World pottery: courtesy of Christina Elson; Illustrations: broken pottery drawing: Christina Elson

See how artifacts and ruins give us glimpses of what life was like long ago.

What's This?

Photos: Frozen Tissue Collection: All specimens from the Frozen Tissue Collection, frilled leaf-tailed gecko: AMNH / Denis Finnin cryovat, test tubes: AMNH / Craig Chesek humpback whale: John J. Mosesso / NBII coyote: AMNH; Gold: gold sheet mouflon, miniature sacrificial figurine, Spanish coins: AMNH / Craig Chesek Inca necklace: AMNH / Denis Finnin Eureka Bar: AMNH / Roderick Mickens astronaut in space: NASA computer chip: stock.xchng; Leeches: jaw: Eye of Science / Photo Researchers, Inc. bite mark: Geoff Tompkinson / Photo Researchers, Inc. leech feeding on snail: Edward Hendrycks, reproduce courtesy of the Canadian Museum of Nature leeches before and after blood meal, leeches on foot, American Medicinal Leech, Malagobdella vagans, Mark Siddall in swamp: courtesy of Mark Siddall; Dioramas: AMNH / Roderick Mickens; Mythic Creatures: All photos courtesy of American Museum of Natural History; Vietnam: pygmi loris, Tonkin snub-nosed monkey: Tilo Nadler / Frankfurt Zoological Society Oriental pit viper: Robert W. Murphy / Royal Ontario Museum scientists with camera trap: Kevin Frey / AMNH Center for Biodiversity and Conservation saola: European Commission, Social Forestry and Nature Conservation

Can you tell the difference between a giraffe's bones and those from a mammoth? Test your knowledge of fossils.

Meet the ArchaeOLogists

Photos: Chuck Spencer: courtesy of AMNH; Oaxaca, Mexico: courtesy of AMNH; Chuck in the field: courtesy of Christina Elson; Monte Alban: courtesy of Chuck Spencer; excavation site: courtesy of Christina Elson; Chuck surveying a site: courtesy of Christina Elson; Elsa Redmond: courtesy Chuck Spencer; excavation site: courtesy of Chuck Spencer; sieve and trowels: courtesy of Chuck Spencer; Chuck in the field: courtesy of Christina Elson; piece of pottery: courtesy of Chuck Spencer; archaeologist recording in the field: courtesy of Chuck Spencer; excavation site: courtesy of Chuck Spencer; skull rack: courtesy of Chuck Spencer; archaeologists working: courtesy of Chuck Spencer; Museum collections: courtesy of AMNH; Chuck Spencer and Christina Elson: courtesy of AMNH; Illustrations: Map of Oaxaca Mexico: courtesy of Christina Elson; Tools: Eric Hamilton

A Closer Look at Mars

Photos: A Closer Look at Mars: Planets and Sun: Daryl Collins; Robot: Jim Paillot; How Do We Know So Much about Mars: Telescopes: courtesy of David Crisp and the WFPC2 Science Team (JPL/CalTech); NSSDC, and NASA Spacecraft: NASA, Viking Project Robots: IMP Team, JPL (Sojourner (tm); Mars Rover (tm) and spacecraft design and images copyright: 1996-97, California Institute of Technology. All rights reserved. Further reproduction prohibited.) and NASA; Illustrations: A Closer Look at Mars: Jim Paillot; The Search for Martian Life: Maria Zuber: courtesy of Maria Zuber; Star Background: courtesy of AURA; One-on-One with the Sun: Venus, Earth, Mars: courtesy of NASA Sunspot: courtesy of AURA/NOAO/NSF; Crab Nebula: courtesy of Bill Shoening, AURA/NOAO/NSF; Boy: courtesy of Denis Finnin, AMNH

Find out what we know about Mars in this online tour of Earth's closest neighbor.

An Interview with Mars

Illustrations: Jim Steck

Help reporter Stella Stardust interview the planet Mars

Are YOU cut out for Mars?

Do you have what it takes to go on a space mission to Mars?

In Pictures: Beyond Earth Astro Poll

Photos: The first Moon Walk, Buzz Aldrin: courtesy of NASA, taken by Neil A. Armstrong, Apollo 11; Earth forming: courtesy of JSC and NASA, Apollo 17; The Sun forming: courtesy of EIT Consortium/NSSDC and NASA, SOHO's EIT EIT Asteroids flying, Ida and it's moon Dactyl: courtesy of NSSDC and NASA; Galileo Sun's nuclear energy: courtesy of EIT Consortium/NSSDC and NASA, SOHO's EIT; Colliding galaxies: courtesy of The Hubble Heritage Team/STScI/AURA and NASA, Hubble Space Telescope Center, Debra Meloy Elmegreen, Bruce C. Elmegreen, Michele Kaufman, Elias Brinks, Curt Struck, Magnus Thomasson, Maria Sundin, and Mario Klaric; Black Holes: Accretion Disk Binary System: STScI and NASA; The Center of Centaurus, E.J. Schreier (STScI) et al., NASA The birth of a star: courtesy of The Hubble Heritage Team and NASA, Hubble Space Telescope Center, principal astronomers: John MacKenty, Jesus Maiz-Apellaniz, Colin Norman, Nolan Walborn, Richard Burg, Richard Griffiths and Rosemary Wyse; A volcano erupting on Io: courtesy of JPL, California Institute of Technology/NSSDC and NASA, Galileo; A solar flare: courtesy of JSC and NASA; An Earthrise: courtesy of NSSDC and NASA, Apollo 8; Universe expanding: courtesy of Robert Williams and the Hubble Deep Field Team (STScI) and NASA; Life exists: courtesy of JPL and NASA, Mars Global Surveyor; Galaxies exist: courtesy of Hubble Heritage Team (AURA/STScI/NASA); Milky Way: courtesy of Photo Researchers; Orion: courtesy of "Observers", "Institute", Sven Kohle and Till Credner; Big Dipper: AMNH; An Asteroid, Gaspra: courtesy of JPL, California Institute of Technology/NSSDC, U.S. Geological Survey, Cornell University and NASA, Galileo; Satellite: courtesy of JSC and NASA, American Satellite Company; communications satellite Moon Rock: courtesy of NSSDC and NASA, Apollo 17; Meteor (Williamite Meteorite): courtesy of AMNH Department of Library Services, 3316; Moon formed: courtesy of JSC and NASA, Apollo 11; Saturn's rings: courtesy of JPL, California Institute of Technology and NASA, Voyager 2; Venusian volcanoes: courtesy of JPL, California Institute of Technology/NSSDC, U.S. Geological Survey and NASA, Magellan; Water under Mars: courtesy of JPL, Malin Space Systems and NASA, Mars Global Surveyor; Neptune's Great Dark Spot: courtesy of JPL, California Institute of Technology/NSSDC and NASA, Voyager 2; Jupiter's Moons: courtesy of JPL, California Institute of Technology and NASA, Voyager 2; Pluto's surface: courtesy of Dr. R. Albrecht, ESA/ESO Space Telescope European Coordinating Facility, NSSDC and NASA; Asteroid belt, Gaspra: courtesy of JPL, California Institute of Technology/NSSDC, U.S. Geological Survey, Cornell University and NASA, Galileo; Jupiter's Great Red Spot: courtesy of JPL, California Institute of Technology/NSSDC and NASA, Voyager 1; Halley's Comet: courtesy of NSSDC and NASA, ESA mission Giotto; Andromeda Galaxy: courtesy of Jason Ware, APOD; Surface of Moon: courtesy of NASA; Sunspots: courtesy of AURA/NOAO/NSF; Supernova 1987A: courtesy of ESA/STScI, Dr. Christopher Burrows and NASA, Hubble Space Telescope

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Astronomy Books

Eleven great ways to learn about everything under the Sun ... moon, and stars

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