Grades 6-8

Living & Working in Antarctica

Activity

Living & Working in Antarctica

What gear would you pack to travel to Antarctica, and what permits would you need before you can travel? Get a taste for how scientists prepare for an excursion to Antarctica's Palmer Station.

Antarctic Adaptations

Article

Antarctic Adaptations

Unlike human visitors, Antarctica's plants and animals don't require high-tech gear. How have these organisms adapted to thrive—not just survive—in such an extreme environment?

Day & Night Cycles

Article

Day & Night Cycles

In Antarctica, the Sun never sets during the summer or rises during the winter. But do you know why? Learn the answer from a researcher who summers in the land of constant daylight.

Antarctic Exploration

Article

Antarctic Exploration

While its existence had been predicted for thousands of years, Antarctica was the very last continent discovered. Learn about its first explorers—and the teamwork that exists there today.

Global Positioning System

Article

Global Positioning System

The compass is great navigation tool—unless you're in Antarctica, where the magnetic pull of the nearby South Pole is so strong you can't get an accurate reading. Thank goodness GPS works everywhere!

Antarctic Hazards

Article

Antarctic Hazards

Dehydration, hypothermia, frostbite, sunburn of the eyes, trench foot ... there's no shortage of hazards in the Antarctic. When it comes to packing your gear, light is definitely not the way to go!

Katabatic Winds

Article

Katabatic Winds

While out at sea, Shipp's ship hit a windstorm that was nasty by anyone's definition—wind speeds of 80 knots (70 mph). Learn why it's not uncommon for wind speeds to reach 200 mph in Antarctica.

Maps

Article

Maps

Why are there over 100 types of map projections? Because translating a globe onto a flat surface usually requires some compromise—cartographers must distort some features in order to preserve others.

Letter from Stephanie: Keeping a Journal

Article

Letter from Stephanie: Keeping a Journal

"Keeping a good journal is kind of like having an extra brain," says this glacial geologist. Find out what Shipp records in her second brain when she's conducting field research in Antarctica. 

Some Background on Antarctica

Article

Some Background on Antarctica

Despite extremely harsh conditions, about 3,500 people go to work in Antarctica each year. And the number of research applications is on the rise. What, exactly, is so alluring about Antarctica?

Temperature & Albedo

Article

Temperature & Albedo

Even during the summer months, the temperatures on Antarctica's coast range around freezing. Inland, it's even chillier. Discover the three reasons why this continent is the coldest place on Earth.

Seasonal Cycle

Interactive

Seasonal Cycle

If the Earth turns all the way around every 24 hours, then why are some days longer than others? And why do we have winter and summer? See the answers for yourself—in a matter of seconds.

seasonal cycle_thumb

Seasonal Cycle

If the Earth turns all the way around every 24 hours, then why are some days longer than others? And why do we have winter and summer? See the answers for yourself—in a matter of seconds.

Going Deep Under the Sea

Activity

Going Deep Under the Sea

What does it take to send a crew to the bottom of the ocean? A sub with 14-inch-thick walls made of a titanium-steel alloy—and a day of calm seas to ensure smooth diving.

Pressure in the Deep Seas

Article

Pressure in the Deep Seas

How pressurized is the ocean floor? Imagine an elephant standing on your big toe—then apply that pressure to your whole body. But thanks to ALVIN, scientists can make the dive comfortably.

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