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Grades 6-8

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Article

Day & Night Cycles

In Antarctica, the Sun never sets during the summer or rises during the winter. But do you know why? Learn the answer from a researcher who summers in the land of constant daylight.

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Katabatic Winds

While out at sea, Shipp's ship hit a windstorm that was nasty by anyone's definition—wind speeds of 80 knots (70 mph). Learn why it's not uncommon for wind speeds to reach 200 mph in Antarctica.

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Maps

Why are there over 100 types of map projections? Because translating a globe onto a flat surface usually requires some compromise—cartographers must distort some features in order to preserve others.

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Global Positioning System

The compass is great navigation tool—unless you're in Antarctica, where the magnetic pull of the nearby South Pole is so strong you can't get an accurate reading. Thank goodness GPS works everywhere!

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The Worst Journey in the World

Why in the world would anyone spend five weeks trekking into the dark Antarctic winter to bring back a few penguin eggs? Find out, and learn just how harsh the journey was for this three-person team.

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Antarctic Adaptations

Unlike human visitors, Antarctica's plants and animals don't require high-tech gear. How have these organisms adapted to thrive—not just survive—in such an extreme environment?

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Living & Working in Antarctica

What gear would you pack to travel to Antarctica, and what permits would you need before you can travel? Get a taste for how scientists prepare for an excursion to Antarctica's Palmer Station.

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Antarctic Hazards

Dehydration, hypothermia, frostbite, sunburn of the eyes, trench foot ... there's no shortage of hazards in the Antarctic. When it comes to packing your gear, light is definitely not the way to go!

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Temperature & Albedo

Even during the summer months, the temperatures on Antarctica's coast range around freezing. Inland, it's even chillier. Discover the three reasons why this continent is the coldest place on Earth.

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Seasonal Cycle

If the Earth turns all the way around every 24 hours, then why are some days longer than others? And why do we have winter and summer? See the answers for yourself—in a matter of seconds.

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