You don't need to leave Earth to find life forms that can exist in the harshest of environments. This marine geologist discusses the exciting research being done at the bottom of the ocean.
What does it take to send a crew to the bottom of the ocean? A sub with 14-inch-thick walls made of a titanium-steel alloy—and a day of calm seas to ensure smooth diving.
At the ocean's surface, winds create waves and currents. So why, then, are there currents moving all the way down at the deepest depths? Find out what's behind all this deep sea churning.
Dive down, down, and down a whole lot more—until you've traveled 2,400 meters to the sea floor. Can you picture how deep that really is? Compare it with the height of famous landmarks, and you will.
For oceanographers, the work they do at sea is just the beginning. Learn more about the discoveries made by one scientist who completed more than 100 dives to the sea floor.
Submarine hot springs, called hydrothermal vents, spew out mineral-rich hot water. What do scientists hope to learn by tracking the temperature variations around these vents for an entire year?
From Pennsylvania to the Pacific Ocean and back again. Experience the final day of an expedition to study deep sea vents with this eyewitness account, and learn what came of the research.
What are "monkey's fists" doing out at sea? This type of seaman's knot is being used to deploy deep sea thermometers. Find out if this teacher AND her fists get to travel to the ocean floor.
Article, Online Resource
Imagine gravity so strong that even light is contained by its force. When a country parson first described black holes in 1783, the concept was so ahead of its time that it was mostly ignored.
Young Naturalist Awards Essay
While on an internship in Washington State, this New York senior collected over 36 pounds of rocks. See what he learned about their oxidation potential compared to similar rocks in New York.