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Grades 9-12

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Online Resource

Gravity: It's Universal

We owe our lives to gravity. It holds the atmosphere to Earth and keeps us all from falling off into space. Not to mention that without gravity, the stars and planets—including Earth—wouldn't even exist!

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Curriculum Materials

Space Shuttle Orbiter

Did you know that satellites and the Space Shuttle don't need engines to power their orbits? See how Earth's gravitational pull bends their forward motion and keeps them moving around the planet.

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Article

Safety and Wintering Over in Antarctica

Antarctica's winter runs from mid-February through late August. If you decide to stay, you're there for the duration—all aircraft traffic is stopped. Learn how research crews prepare to go it alone.

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Article

Sea Ice and Climate in Antarctica

At the poles, it's possible to study sea ice that's 3,000 years old. Find out what scientists learn by cutting up ice cores and seeing the ice crystals' many different textures and colors.

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Classroom Activity

Crazy Cold Air

Why does cold air rush out of a freezer when you open the door? How does it then move through a room? Experiment to learn the answers—and gain insight into the blustery winds of Antarctica.

Bighorn Sheep Map Roads Populations

Educator Guide

Meet the Bighorn Sheep

This slideshow provides background information on the bighorn sheep and their habitat and breeding habits.

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Activity

Fabric Test

It all comes down to choosing the right outfit ... when you're dressing for an expedition to Antarctica. Do you know which fabrics would do the best job keeping you warm and dry?

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Activity

Antarctic Extreme Jeopardy

Hazards to Humans, Polar Gear, The Cold Facts—how well do you know your Antarctica trivia? Whatever you do, don't forget to give your answers in question form!

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Activity

Create a Polar Creature

Ice floes, katabatic winds, and subzero temperatures—welcome to life in Antarctica. What features would your ideal creature have to thrive in this extreme habitat?

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Activity

Amazing Albedo

There's a good reason why your summer attire is lighter and brighter than your winter wardrobe. This easy experiment illustrates the power of albedo in black and white.

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