Grades 9-12

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Mercator Projection

A globe may be the most accurate way to represent the Earth, but you can't slip one into your back pocket. The Mercator projection map is certainly portable, but look what it does to Antarctica!

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Polar Projection

If you've ever compared a map of the world and a globe, then you've seen how Antarctica can get really distorted. See how a polar projection map solves that problem.

Types of Antennae

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Types of Antennae

Arthropods may use antennae to touch, smell, and even hear the world. But that doesn't mean that all of these appendages look the same. From featherlike to clubbed, see the wide variety of antennae.

Who Are the Plants?

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Who Are the Plants?

There are 10 divisions in the plant kingdom. The largest order, flowering plants, has 235,000 species. The smallest, gingkoes, has a single species. Learn more about the orders in the kingdom Plantae.

Types of Compound Leaves

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Types of Compound Leaves

Is your compound leaf pinnate or palmate? And if it's pinnate, is it pinnate odd, pinnate even, or twice pinnate? Find the answers easily with this illustrated guide.

Arthropod Morphology

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Arthropod Morphology

From metamorphosis and types of antennae to the parts of a spider and a grasshopper, take an illustrated look at arthropod morphology with this collection of guides.

The Worst Journey in the World

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The Worst Journey in the World

Why in the world would anyone spend five weeks trekking into the dark Antarctic winter to bring back a few penguin eggs? Find out, and learn just how harsh the journey was for this three-person team.

Living & Working in Antarctica

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Living & Working in Antarctica

What gear would you pack to travel to Antarctica, and what permits would you need before you can travel? Get a taste for how scientists prepare for an excursion to Antarctica's Palmer Station.

Antarctic Adaptations

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Antarctic Adaptations

Unlike human visitors, Antarctica's plants and animals don't require high-tech gear. How have these organisms adapted to thrive—not just survive—in such an extreme environment?

Day & Night Cycles

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Day & Night Cycles

In Antarctica, the Sun never sets during the summer or rises during the winter. But do you know why? Learn the answer from a researcher who summers in the land of constant daylight.

Antarctic Exploration

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Antarctic Exploration

While its existence had been predicted for thousands of years, Antarctica was the very last continent discovered. Learn about its first explorers—and the teamwork that exists there today.

Global Positioning System

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Global Positioning System

The compass is great navigation tool—unless you're in Antarctica, where the magnetic pull of the nearby South Pole is so strong you can't get an accurate reading. Thank goodness GPS works everywhere!

Antarctic Hazards

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Antarctic Hazards

Dehydration, hypothermia, frostbite, sunburn of the eyes, trench foot ... there's no shortage of hazards in the Antarctic. When it comes to packing your gear, light is definitely not the way to go!

Katabatic Winds

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Katabatic Winds

While out at sea, Shipp's ship hit a windstorm that was nasty by anyone's definition—wind speeds of 80 knots (70 mph). Learn why it's not uncommon for wind speeds to reach 200 mph in Antarctica.

Maps

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Maps

Why are there over 100 types of map projections? Because translating a globe onto a flat surface usually requires some compromise—cartographers must distort some features in order to preserve others.

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