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Grades 9-12

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Article

Antarctic Exploration

While its existence had been predicted for thousands of years, Antarctica was the very last continent discovered. Learn about its first explorers—and the teamwork that exists there today.

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Article

Global Positioning System

The compass is great navigation tool—unless you're in Antarctica, where the magnetic pull of the nearby South Pole is so strong you can't get an accurate reading. Thank goodness GPS works everywhere!

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Antarctic Hazards

Dehydration, hypothermia, frostbite, sunburn of the eyes, trench foot ... there's no shortage of hazards in the Antarctic. When it comes to packing your gear, light is definitely not the way to go!

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Article

Katabatic Winds

While out at sea, Shipp's ship hit a windstorm that was nasty by anyone's definition—wind speeds of 80 knots (70 mph). Learn why it's not uncommon for wind speeds to reach 200 mph in Antarctica.

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Article

Maps

Why are there over 100 types of map projections? Because translating a globe onto a flat surface usually requires some compromise—cartographers must distort some features in order to preserve others.

Keeping a journal

Article

Letter from Stephanie: Keeping a Journal

"Keeping a good journal is kind of like having an extra brain," says this glacial geologist. Find out what Shipp records in her second brain when she's conducting field research in Antarctica. 

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Article

Some Background on Antarctica

Despite extremely harsh conditions, about 3,500 people go to work in Antarctica each year. And the number of research applications is on the rise. What, exactly, is so alluring about Antarctica?

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Article

Temperature & Albedo

Even during the summer months, the temperatures on Antarctica's coast range around freezing. Inland, it's even chillier. Discover the three reasons why this continent is the coldest place on Earth.

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Interactive

Seasonal Cycle

If the Earth turns all the way around every 24 hours, then why are some days longer than others? And why do we have winter and summer? See the answers for yourself—in a matter of seconds.

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Seasonal Cycle

If the Earth turns all the way around every 24 hours, then why are some days longer than others? And why do we have winter and summer? See the answers for yourself—in a matter of seconds.

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