Some species can respond to the changing global climate by changing their distribution—the area that a species lives and moves within. For example, many species of birds in North America are moving their distributions northward as the climate changes.
Other species are unable to adjust to changing conditions and therefore become extinct. For example, the golden toad used to be found in the tropical cloud forests of Costa Rica, but are now thought to be extinct. Scientists have collected evidence which shows that the golden toad was probably driven to extinction by climate change, because the forests became too dry for them to survive.
As for the polar bears, they spend most of their time on floating sheets of sea ice hunting for their favorite food, seals. But as the Arctic has warmed in recent years, the ice is melting earlier. This gives the bears less time to hunt. So some bears might not be able to build up the fat they need to survive the rest of the year.
We can all contribute to reducing climate change, and therefore help polar bears and other endangered species. A significant cause of climate change is the emission of polluting gases from burning fossil fuels, such as coal and oil. Fossil fuels are burned when we use electricity or drive our cars, among other things.
Here are just a few important things we can do to help reduce global warming:1. Use our cars less (walk or take public transport whenever possible)
All these actions will help reduce the amount of pollution we create. And don't forget, when you get older you will have the opportunity to vote for politicians that support taking action to reduce global warming.