Rubber Blubber Gloves
What To Do
1 Before you start, warm your hands up by rubbing them together.

Making the Gloves
2
Put a SMALL rubber glove on your hand. Have your partner smear a thick layer of shortening on it with the rubber spatula. Smooth out the shortening as if you were icing a cake until there's an even layer on the glove.
Put a SMALL rubber glove on your hand. Have your partner smear a thick layer of shortening on it with the rubber spatula. Smooth out the shortening as if you were icing a cake until there's an even layer on the glove.
3
Have your partner help you pull the LARGE rubber glove over the shortening-covered glove. Make a cuff at the wrist, folding the bottoms of both gloves upward.
Have your partner help you pull the LARGE rubber glove over the shortening-covered glove. Make a cuff at the wrist, folding the bottoms of both gloves upward
4
Wrap duct tape around the cuff to seal in the shortening layer.
Wrap duct tape around the cuff to seal in the shortening layer.
5
Put the other small rubber glove on your other hand. Then pull the other large rubber glove over it. (No shortening between the gloves this time.) Make a cuff, and use the duct tape to seal the bottom of the two gloves.
Put the other small rubber glove on your other hand. Then pull the other large rubber glove over it. (No shortening between the gloves this time.) Make a cuff, and use the duct tape to seal the bottom of the two gloves.

Testing the Gloves
6 Fill the bucket with cold water, and add lots of ice.
7
Dip both hands in the bucket at the same time, and hold them there for at least 10 seconds. Do you notice a difference?
Dip both hands in the bucket at the same time, and hold them there for at least 10 seconds. Do  you notice a difference?
8
Take off both gloves, and dry them off. Have your partner repeat the experiment. (Make sure your partner's hands are warm before putting on the gloves.)
TIP: If you remove the rubber gloves carefully, you'll be able to try this experiment again and again.
Take off both gloves, and dry them off. Have your partner repeat the experiment.

Think About Your Results

Why did we ask you to create two kinds of gloves — one containing fat (CriscoTM) and one with nothing inside? Any good experiment has a variable and a control. The variable is the condition you are changing. The control is the version of the experiment without this condition. With a control, you can compare and measure any differences between the results. These comparisons allow you to make hypotheses, or draw meaningful conclusions.

You wanted to investigate this question: How does a layer of blubber insulate sea animals against cold ocean waters? So, you created two kinds of gloves — one with a layer of fat (the variable) and one without (the control).

How were the two experimental conditions the same? For example, in both conditions you used the same kind of gloves, the same people, warmed your hands first both times, and put your gloved hands into the same bucket of freezing water.