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2009 Exploring the Dynamic Relationship Between Health and the Environment

The health of all species on Earth is largely determined by the complex linkages and interactions among organisms and the systems in which they live.  Health and the environment are deeply intertwined for populations, species, and ecosystems, as well as for human lives and livelihoods.  Human endeavors in agriculture, energy and food production, transportation, and infrastructure development can have far-reaching and significant impact on the health of humans and the environment.  Understanding these relationships is increasingly critical in the context of our changing world and the accelerating loss of biodiversity.

The Center for Biodiversity and Conservation Milstein Science Symposium Exploring the Dynamic Relationship Between Health and the Environment presented a diversity of viewpoints and experiences, spanning the natural, medical, and social sciences, as well as policy planning.  Presenters discussed knowledge/data gaps and the limitations of current approaches, and examined innovative methods that move beyond speculation to a grounded understanding of impacts and realistic solutions.

This symposium was proudly sponsored by the Paul and Irma Milstein Family.  Additional support was provided by a grant from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) of the United States Department of Defense, the Karen Katen Foundation and the Mack Lipkin Man and Nature Series. 


AGENDA

THURSDAY, APRIL 2

8:30 SESSION I

SETTING THE STAGE: THE ENVIRONMENTAL CONTEXT OF HEALTH
Kaufmann Theater
This opening session is designed to present the broad conceptual framework for the symposium. Speakers will discuss the multiple relationships between health and the environment, introduce the concept of the global environmental burden of disease and its implications, outline the necessity for and difficulties in designing policies that benefit both health and the environment and present genomics technology and evolutionary biology as important tools in our understanding of the environmental context of health.

Session Moderator: Eleanor J. Sterling, Director, Center for Biodiversity and Conservation, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York, US

Keynote Presentation
ENVIRONMENTAL BURDEN OF DISEASE: ACTING TO REDUCE CURRENT AND EMERGING THREATS
Carlos Corvalán, Senior Advisor, Sustainable Development and Environmental Health, Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), Regional Office for the Americas of the World Health Organization (WHO), Brasilia, Brazil -->> view video and transcript

Keynote Presentation
THE ENVIRONMENT AND HUMAN HEALTH: THE NEED TO PADDLE UPSTREAM
Howard Frumkin, Director, National Center for Environmental Health, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, US -->> view video and transcript

Keynote Presentation
EVIDENCE-BASED POLICIES FOR GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH RISKS
Majid Ezzati, Associate Professor of International Health, Department of Global Health and Population, Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Cambridge, Massachusetts, US -->> view video and transcript

Keynote Presentation
HEALTH AND THE ENVIRONMENT IN THE AGE OF GENOMICS
Jane Carlton, Director of Genomics and Associate Professor of Medical Parasitology, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, NY, US -->> view video and transcript

REMARKS -->> view video and transcript
Ellen V. Futter, President, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York, US
Howard P. Milstein, Chair, President and CEO, New York Private Bank & Trust, New York, New York, US

11:15 SESSION II
UNDERSTANDING COMPLEXITY: MULTIPLE AND INTERACTING STRESSORS
Kaufmann Theater
This session will highlight that understanding the relationship between health and the environment necessarily entails looking at multiple drivers acting at the same time over human populations and the ecosystems that surround them. Speakers will discuss the impacts of climate change on wildlife ecology and zoonotic disease, the health effects of globalization and the multiple impacts of climate change on human health, with a focus on indigenous populations in Australia as a case study.

Session Moderator: Felicity Arengo, Associate Director, Center for Biodiversity and Conservation, American Museum of Natural History, New York City, New York, US

CLIMATE IMPACTS ON INDIGENOUS PEOPLE’S HEALTH AND WELL-BEING
Donna Green, Research Fellow
, Climate Change Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Australia -->> view video and transcript

GLOBALISATION AND HUMAN HEALTH: SUSTAINABLE HEALTH IN A CHANGING WORLD
Pim Martens, Director, International Centre for Integrated Assessment and Sustainable Development, Maastricht University, The Netherlands -->> view video and transcript

HUMAN HEALTH IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE: INSIGHTS FROM THE WILD
Camille Parmesan, Associate Professor, Section of Integrative Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Texas, US -->> view video and transcript

2:00 SESSION III
A BALANCING ACT: DECISION MAKING, TRADE-OFFS, AND MUTUAL BENEFITS FOR HEALTH AND THE ENVIRONMENT
Kaufmann Theater
Speakers will discuss, the tradeoffs and choices necessary when implementing clean air policies and the role of biodiversity and indigenous knowledge in food security, nutrition and clinical health care., and an example of robust decision-making protocols. The panel discussion to follow will allow presenters to discuss additional areas in which co-benefits are necessary and possible, including urban planning, our relationship with the oceans and the links between wildlife and human health.

Session Moderator: Susan Perkins, Assistant Curator, Invertebrate Zoology and Sackler Institute for Comparative Genomics, American Museum of Natural History, New York City, New York, US

Keynote Presentation
BIODIVERSITY, CLIMATE CHANGE, AND HEALTH
Andrew P. Dobson, Professor, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, US -->> view video and transcript

ETHNOMEDICAL SYSTEMS, BIODIVERSITY AND PRIMARY HEALTH CARE IN MICRONESIA
Michael J. Balick, Vice President for Botanical Science, Director and Philecology Curator, Institute of Economic Botany, The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York, US -->> view video and transcript

AIR POLLUTION, CLIMATE CHANGE AND HUMAN HEALTH: IMPACTS AND OPPORTUNITIES
Patrick L. Kinney, Associate Professor of Environmental Health Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York, US -->> view video and transcript

BIODIVERSITY FOR NUTRITION AND HEALTH: REVERSING THE SIMPLIFICATION OF DIETS AND ECOSYSTEMS
Pablo B. Eyzaguirre, Senior Scientist, Anthropology and Socioeconomics, Bioversity International, Rome, Italy -->> view video and transcript

ON PRIORITIZING RISK-REDUCING STRATEGIES IN A DYNAMIC ENVIRONMENT
Gary W. Yohe, Woodhouse/Sysco Professor of Economics, Wesleyan University, Middletown, Connecticut, and Visiting Professor of Economics, Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, US -->> view video and transcript

4:30 SESSION III
PANEL DISCUSSION

PANELISTS
Lora Fleming, Professor, Departments of Epidemiology & Public Health and Marine Biology & Fisheries, Miller School of Medicine and Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, Miami, Florida, US
Pim Martens, Director, International Centre for Integrated Assessment and Sustainable Development, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
Kent H. Redford, Director, Wildlife Conservation Society Institute, and Vice President, Conservation Strategy, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York, US
William C. Sullivan, Professor of Landscape Architecture and Director of the Environmental Council, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, US
MODERATOR
Nora Bynum, Project Director, Network of Conservation Educators and Practitioners (NCEP), and Associate Director for Capacity Development, Center for Biodiversity and Conservation, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York, US -->> view video and transcript

5:15 ADJOURN TO POSTER SESSION
Milstein Hall of Ocean Life


5:15 THE 2009 MACK LIPKIN MAN AND NATURE SERIES POSTER SESSION AND RECEPTION
Milstein Hall of Ocean Life

7:00 THE 2009 MACK LIPKIN MAN AND NATURE SERIES PANEL DISCUSSION
IT TAKES A PLANET: CONNECTING THE HEALTH OF PEOPLE AND NATURE
LeFrak Theater
A discussion on the interconnectedness of human health and the environment—and our ability to respond to crises in both areas.

INTRODUCTION
Michael J. Novacek, Senior Vice President and Provost of Science, American Museum of Natural History, New York City, New York, US -->> view video and transcript

PANELISTS
Peter Daszak, President, Wildlife Trust, and Executive Director, Consortium for Conservation Medicine, New York City, New York, US
Walter Mugdan, Director, Emergency and Remedial Response Division U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 2, New York, New York, US
Peggy M. Shepard, Executive Director, West Harlem Environmental Action, Inc. (WE ACT), New York, New York, US
MODERATOR
Julie Burstein, Executive Producer, “Studio 360,” Public Radio International and WNYC, New York City, New York, US -->> view video and transcript

The Mack Lipkin Man and Nature Series was established in honor of Dr. Mack Lipkin, Sr., by his many friends and admirers. Dr. Lipkin was a physician who was a gentle and powerful force towards advancing the most humane and caring practices of medicine. The Museum is proud to welcome Peggy Shepard and Peter Daszak as the 2009 Mack Lipkin Man and Nature Series Fellows.


FRIDAY, APRIL 3

9:00 SESSION IV
PATHOGENS AND EVOLUTION
Kaufmann Theater
This session will emphasize the importance of evolutionary theory, molecular techniques and genomics technology in our understanding of the relationship between hosts and pathogens.

Session Moderator: George Amato, Director, Sackler Institute for Comparative Genomics, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York, US

EXPECTING THE UNEXPECTED IN DISEASE EMERGENCE
Peter Hudson, Director of Life Sciences, The Willaman Chair of Biology, Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, US -->> view video and transcript

ECOLOGY AND MOLECULAR EPIDEMIOLOGY OF HUMAN-PRIMATE DISEASE TRANSMISSION IN WESTERN UGANDA
Tony L. Goldberg, Professor of Epidemiology, Department of Pathobiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, US -->> view video and transcript

PHYLODYNAMICS: INTEGRATING THE EVOLUTIONARY AND ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS OF INFECTIOUS DISEASE
Oliver G. Pybus, Royal Society University Research Fellow, University Lecturer (elect) in Evolutionary Biology, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK -->> view video and transcript

GENOMIC AND METAGENOMIC APPROACHES TO THE STUDY OF PATHOGEN GENOMES AND THEIR EVOLUTION
Karen E. Nelson, Director of Human Microbiology and Metagenomics, Department of Human Genomic Medicine, The J. Craig Venter Institute, Rockville, Maryland, US -->> view video and transcript

HELICOBACTER PYLORI, A RESIDENT OF THE HUMAN GASTRIC MICRO-ENVIRONMENT THAT BOTH CAUSES AND PROTECTS AGAINST DISEASE
Martin J. Blaser, Frederick H. King Professor of Internal Medicine, and Chair, Department of Medicine, and Professor of Microbiology, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, New York, US -->> view video and transcript

PANEL DISCUSSION

PANELISTS
Martin J. Blaser, Frederick H. King Professor of Internal Medicine, Chair, Department of Medicine, and Professor of Microbiology, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, New York, US
Rob DeSalle, Curator, Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York, US
Tony L. Goldberg, Professor of Epidemiology, Department of Pathobiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Wisconsin, US
Karen E. Nelson, Director of Human Microbiology and Metagenomics, Department of Human Genomic Medicine, The J. Craig Venter Institute, Rockville, Maryland, US
Oliver G. Pybus, Royal Society University Research Fellow, University Lecturer (elect) in Evolutionary Biology, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
MODERATOR
George Amato, Director, Sackler Institute for Comparative Genomics, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York, US -->> view video and transcript

2:00 SESSION V
LOOKING AHEAD: DATA GAPS AND RESEARCH NEEDS
Kaufmann Theater
This panel will address data gaps and limitations of current approaches, as a way to suggest areas of potential interest to students and researchers in directing future research efforts and data sharing systems.

Session Moderator: Andrés Gómez, Postdoctoral Fellow, Center for Biodiversity and Conservation, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York, US

PANEL DISCUSSION

Moderator: Andrés Gómez, Postdoctoral Fellow, Center for Biodiversity and Conservation, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York, US -->> view video and transcript

PANELISTS
Carlos Corvalán, Senior Advisor, Sustainable Development and Environmental Health, Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), Regional Office for the Americas of the World Health Organization (WHO), Brasilia, Brazil
Pablo B. Eyzaguirre, Senior Scientist, Anthropology and Socioeconomics, Bioversity International Diversity for Livelihoods Programme, Rome, Italy
Marc Levy, Deputy Director and Associate Director for Science Applications, Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), Columbia University, New York, New York, US
Camille Parmesan, Associate Professor, Section of Integrative Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Texas, US

UNDERSTANDING THE LINKS BETWEEN HUMAN HEALTH AND THE OCEANS
Lora Fleming, Professor, Departments of Epidemiology & Public Health and Marine Biology & Fisheries, Miller School of Medicine and Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric, Sciences, Miami, Florida, US -->> view video and transcript

3:45 SESSION VI
THE WAY FORWARD: PARTNERSHIPS, ALLIANCES, AND INNOVATION
Kaufmann Theater
This panel will deal with the importance of forging partnerships among disciplines, and including the biomedical sciences, ecology, and public policy with local communities, in understanding the complex interactions between health and the environment and designing public health policy.

Session Moderator: Thomas E. Lovejoy, Biodiversity Chair, The H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics and the Environment, Washington, DC, US

FORGING NEW CONNECTIONS AMONG ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH SCHOLARS
William C. Sullivan, Professor of Landscape Architecture and Director of the Environmental Council, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, US

4:10 SESSION VI
Panel Discussion
THE WAY FORWARD: PARTNERSHIPS, ALLIANCES, AND INNOVATION

Moderator: Thomas E. Lovejoy, Biodiversity Chair, The H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics and the Environment, Washington, DC, US -->> view video and transcript

PANELISTS
Jeffrey M. Blander, Co-leader, Technology Innovation Working Group, Harvard Initiative for Global Health, Cambridge, Massachusetts, US
Donna Green, Research Fellow
, Climate Change Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Australia
Amy Luers, Program Manager, Environment & Vulnerability Mapping, Predict and Prevent, Google.org, Mountain View, California, US
Jonathan Patz, Professor of Environmental Studies & Population Health Sciences, and Director, Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, US

CLOSING REMARKS

5:15 CONFERENCE ADJOURNS

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