2012– Ph.D. in Comparative Biology
Richard Gilder Graduate School, American Museum of Natural History
Thesis: "Systematics and morphological evolution of cryptine wasps (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Cryptinae)"
Advisor: James Carpenter
2009–2011 Master of Science in Biologia Animal [Animal Biology]
Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo – UFES Vitória, Brazil
Thesis: "Phylogenetic and taxonomic revision of Messatoporus Cushman (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Cryptinae), with description of sixty-seven new species"
Advisor: Alexandre P. Aguiar
2005–2008 Bachelor of Science in Ciências Biológicas [Biology]
Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo – UFES, Vitória, Brazil
Honors thesis: "Phylogeny and taxonomy of Loxopus Townes and Baltazaria Townes (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Cryptinae), with description of ten new species"
Advisor: Alexandre P. Aguiar
Research InterestsResearch Interests
My research focuses on the systematics and evolutionary biology of a hyperdiverse, but neglected group of insects, the cryptine parasitic wasps (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae). I am interested in the evolutionary history of these wasps on its own, but also in using the observed patterns to investigate more general questions in ecology and evolution. Right now I am focused on the interplay between the variety of life history traits associated with parasitism and phenotypic evolution in cryptine wasps. Cryptines attack a wide variety of hosts, most of them concealed to various degrees, from leaf rolls to tree logs. Therefore, several taxa developed a number of morphological adaptations to find and assess deeply concealed hosts. I am using a phylogenetic framework to investigate how many times these characters evolved; if they are correlated or decoupled in the cryptine tree of life; and how these traits impact general body shape in cryptine wasps. The hypothesis is that host-location adaptations constitute a complex functional system that imposes constrains in the evolution of body shape in cryptine wasps.
Articles published in scientific journals
Santos, B.F., Payne, A., Pickett, K.M. & Carpenter, J.M. 2015. Phylogeny and historical biogeography of the paper wasp genus Polistes (Hymenoptera: Vespidae): implications for the overwintering hypothesis of social evolution. Cladistics, 31, 535–549.
Aguiar, A.P. & Santos, B.F. 2012. Additions to the revision of Digonocryptus Viereck (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Cryptinae), with nine new taxa, new males and distribution maps for all known species. Zootaxa, 3828: 1–41.
Santos, B.F., Aguiar, A.P. & Tedesco, AM. 2012. Trigonalidae (Hymenoptera) from cacao agroforestry systems in northeastern Brazil, with two new species of Trigonalys Westwood. Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 25: 19–33.
Aguiar, A.P. & Santos, B.F. 2010. Discovery of potent, unsuspected sampling disparities for Malaise and Möricke traps, as shown for Neotropical Cryptini (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae). Journal of Insect Conservation, 14:199–2010.
Santos, B.F., Aguiar, A.P. & Tedesco, A.M. 2009. Phylogenetic revision and the origin of Polyphrix Townes (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Cryptinae), with description of a new species. Zootaxa, 1934:30–39.
Aguiar, A.P. & Santos, B.F. 2009. Biological synopsis of Photocryptus Viereck (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Cryptinae), with eight new host records and fourteen new geographic records. Zootaxa, 2148:49–45.
Santos, B.F. & Aguiar, A.P. 2008. Phylogeny and reclassification of Distictus Townes (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Cryptinae), with description of a new species. Zootaxa, 1934:30–39.
Aguiar, A.P., Santos, B.F., Couri, M.S., Rafael, J.A., Costa, C. Ide, S., Duarte, M., Grazia, J., Schwertner, C.F., Freitas, A.V.L. & Azevedo, C.O. Insecta. In: Rocha, R.M. & Boeger, W.A. Estado da Arte e Perspectivas para a Zoologia no Brasil [State of Art and Perspectives to the Zoology in Brazil]. Editora UFPR, Curitiba, pp.131–155.
Teaching ExperienceTeaching Experience
American Museum of Natural History
2014 Teaching Assistant (T.A.) of “The Tree of Life and Invertebrate Zoology” – theoretical classes and lab
Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo
2011–2012 Lecturer. Courses taught: Cell Biology, Paleontology (Biology program) and General Biology (Nursing program)
2010 T.A. of “Invertebrate Zoology I” – theoretical classes
2006 T.A. of “Invertebrate Zoology I” – lab practice