Research InterestsResearch Interests
Dr. Dan Brumbaugh’s interests currently focus on (1) the design, monitoring, management, and valuation of marine protected areas (MPAs); (2) broader coastal and marine spatial planning and ecosystem-based management; and (3) processes of ecological and social resilience in marine and coastal systems, with an emphasis on coral reef ecosystems. Although his field experience spans 25 years across the Caribbean, tropical Central and Western Pacific, and temperate Northeast Pacific (Baja California to Washington state), his current research and conservation interests largely took root with his conceptualization and leadership of the NSF-funded Bahamas Biocomplexity Project (BBP), a widely recognized model of socio-ecological research that integrated aspects of oceanography, population genetics, marine ecology, and human cultural and economic dimensions in the study of how MPAs and MPA networks function for diverse objectives. As with the BBP, Dr. Brumbaugh especially enjoys projects that bring together and integrate diverse perspectives from the natural and social sciences, and ones that bridge strategic science with on-the-ground applications for improved natural resource management. He has collaborated on diverse media (e.g., newsletters, posters, educational guides and booklets, and interactive simulation models) and worked extensively with marine conservation practitioners to bring the best available science to decision making. Dr. Brumbaugh’s participation with various governing and advisory groups includes the Council of the Bahamas National Trust, the Advisory Council of the Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary, the Marine Priority Biome group of the IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas, and many other conservation organizations and working groups. He was the principal content designer and coordinator of the CBC’s 2002 Symposium “Sustaining Seascapes: The Science and Policy of Marine Resource Management.” In addition to conservation science and its application, Dan is interested in marine evolutionary biology, especially studies of how marine organisms adapt to their local environments and how they evolve through time and space. Before coming to the Museum in 1998, Dr. Brumbaugh was a NSF Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of Texas, Austin. Currently, he is also an Adjunct Research Scientist in Columbia University’s Department of Ecology, Evolutionary, and Environmental Biology (E3B) and a Research Associate at the University of California, Santa Cruz. He has also taught graduate and undergraduate courses at the University of Washington and Santa Clara University.
- Brumbaugh, D.R. 2014 Guide to the Science of Marine Protected Areas in The Bahamas. American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY: 16 pp.
- Mumby P.J., K. Broad, D.R. Brumbaugh, C.P. Dahlgren, A.R. Harborne, A. Hastings, K.E. Holmes, C.V. Kappel, F. Micheli, and J.N. Sanchirico. In press. Coral reef habitats as surrogates of species, ecological functions and ecosystem services. Conservation Biology.
- Harborne, A.R., P.J. Mumby, C.V Kappel, C.P. Dahlgren, F. Micheli, K.E. Holmes, J.N. Sanchirico, K. Broad, I.A. Elliott, and D.R. Brumbaugh. 2008. Reserve effects versus natural variation in coral reef communities. Journal of Applied Ecology 45: 1010-1018.
- Harborne, A.R., P.J. Mumby, C.V. Kappel, C.P. Dahlgren, F. Micheli, K.E. Holmes, and D.R. Brumbaugh. In press. Tropical coastal habitats as surrogates of fish community structure, grazing, and fisheries value. Ecological Applications.
- Mumby, P.J., A.R. Harborne, J. Williams, C.V. Kappel, D.R. Brumbaugh, F. Micheli, K.E. Holmes, C.P. Dahlgren, C.B. Paris, P.G. Blackwell. 2007. Trophic cascades facilitates coral recruitment in a marine reserve. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104(20): 8362-8367.
- Mumby, P.J., C.P. Dahlgren, A.R. Harborne, C.V. Kappel, F. Micheli, D.R. Brumbaugh, K.E. Holmes, J.M. Mendes, K. Broad, J.N. Sanchirico, K. Buch, S. Box, R.W. Stoffle, and Andrew B. Gill. 2006. Fishing, trophic cascades, and the process of grazing on coral reefs. Science 311: 98-101.
- Harborne, A.R., P.J. Mumby, F. Micheli, C.T. Perry, C.P. Dahlgren, D.R. Brumbaugh and P. Kramer. 2006. The functional value of Caribbean coral reefs, seagrass and mangrove habitats to ecosystem processes. Advances in Marine Biology 50: 57-190.
- Semmens, B.X., D.R. Brumbaugh, and J.A. Drew. In press. Interpreting space use and behavior of blue tang, Acanthurus coeruleus, in the context of habitat, density, and intra-specific interactions. Environmental Biology of Fishes.
- Granek, E.F., D.R. Brumbaugh, S.A. Heppell, S.S. Heppell, D. Secord. 2005. A blueprint for our oceans: Implications of two national commission reports for conservation practitioners. Conservation Biology 19(4): 1008-1018.
- Brumbaugh, D.R. 2002. "Bryozoa," "Cnidaria," "Coral Reefs," "Nurseries," "Preservation of Habitats" (w/ M. Laverty) and other topics. In: N. Eldredge (ed.), Life on Earth: An Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, Ecology, and Evolution. ABC-CLIO, Santa Barbara.
- Paine, R.T., J.L. Ruesink, A. Sun, E.L. Soulanille, M.J. Wonham, C.D.G. Harley, D.R. Brumbaugh, and D.L. Secord. 1996. Trouble on oiled waters: lessons from the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 27: 197-235.
- Brumbaugh, D.R., J.M. West, J.L. Hintz, and F.E. Anderson. 1994. Determinants of recruitment in an epiphytic marine bryozoan: field manipulations of flow and host quality. In: W.H. Wilson, Jr., S.A. Stricker, and G.L. Shinn (eds.), Reproduction and Development of Marine Invertebrates. John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore: 287-301.