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Fishing and Hunting

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Salmon, a principal food, were trapped, harpooned, or caught with hook and line. Large quantities were taken during the annual runs and dried for use throughout the year. Halibut were caught with large wooden hooks. Olachen, which yielded an oil, were caught with nets. The oil was rendered by boiling the fish with red-hot stones in a wooden canoe.

The Tlingit hunted land mammals with traps, snares, and the bow and arrow. A favorite hunting method was for one group of hunters aided by dogs to drive animals past other hunters concealed at strategic spots with bow and arrow. Land mammals were important for their skins, hair, and horn as well as for food.