CONSERVATION LEGACY main content.
  • 1919 - Today

    CONSERVATION

    LEGACY

    “There is [no question] which compares in importance with the great central task of leaving this land even a better land for our descendants than it is for us,” said Roosevelt. Today, scientists at the American Museum of Natural History and other organizations continue Roosevelt’s legacy to conserve the environment for future generations.

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    WHY WORK IN CONSERVATION?

    AMNH’s Chris Filardi believes conservation work extends beyond the natural world

    TODAY

  • 1925

    to present

  • 2012- IUCN

    IUCN FOUNDED

    Institutions from 18 countries form the first global environmental organization. The International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List of threatened animals is used in species conservation

    1948

  • 2012 Silent Spring

    SILENT SPRING PUBLISHED

    Conservationist Rachel Carson alerts the public to the health dangers of agricultural pesticides, prompting tighter chemical industry regulation and, in 1972, the U.S. ban on DDT

    1962

  • 2012 Earth Day

    FIRST EARTH DAY

    Earth Day, celebrated annually worldwide to increase awareness of environmental issues, marks the beginning of the modern environmental education movement

    1970

    APRIL

  • 2012 EPA

    EPA FOUNDED

    The U.S. creates its first agency dedicated to protecting environmental health

    1970

    DECEMBER

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    NARINDER KAKAR

    In Stockholm, the U.N. holds its first major conference on international environmental issues

    1972

  • 2012 ESA

    ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT

    Though Roosevelt and others made efforts to preserve some threatened species, this U.S. Act finalizes federal protection for endangered species

    1973

  • 2012 CITES

    REGULATING TRADE OF SPECIES

    80 nations sign the “CITES” agreement, to ensure that international trade of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival

    1973

  • 1978

    to present

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    JIMMY CARTER

    Following in Roosevelt’s footsteps, President Carter sets aside more than 100 million acres

    1980

  • 2012 Migratory Birds

    CONSERVING MIGRATORY BIRDS

    Shorebirds migrate up to 20,000 miles annually. With bird populations declining, agencies and organizations work to conserve habitats along international migration routes

    1986

  • 2012 Ban on Whaling

    BAN ON WHALING

    The International Whaling Commission’s ban on commercial whaling helps humpbacks (Megaptera novaeangliae) and other populations rebound

    1986

  • 2012- ozone hole

    MONTREAL PROTOCOL SIGNED

    Scientists find Earth’s ozone layer, which blocks harmful UV rays, has an alarming “hole.” An international pact to ban ozone-depleting chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) was a success; the ozone layer is recovering

    1987

  • 1988

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    BILL CLINTON

    During his administration, President Clinton makes conservation a priority

    1996

  • 1998

    to present

  • 2012- satellite

    NEW TECHNOLOGIES

    Researchers use satellite images to visualize land-cover changes (above, central Vietnam). The images help identify areas in need of protection, and provide a baseline for predicting future changes

    2003

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    NEW SPECIES

    Dr. Norman Platnick leads a team inventorying the goblin spider family—and discovering new species

    2006

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    DIRK KEMPTHORNE

    Dirk Kempthorne, Secretary of the Interior under President George W. Bush

    2006

  • 2012 Sudan

    WARS WREAK HAVOC

    A 2007 report links decades of conflict in Sudan with deforestation, land degradation and unsustainable resource consumption. The country works to repair damage, but challenges remain

    2007

  • TODAY

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    CONSERVING ANIMALS’ HABITATS

    Climate change threatens many animals’ habitats, pushing species to smaller and non-native areas

    TODAY

  • 2012 plaNYC

    NEW YORK CITY GOES GREEN

    New York City implemented the ongoing PlaNYC initiative to address climate change, accommodate growing human populations and restore natural systems

    TODAY

  • TODAY

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    FUTURE OF CONSERVATION

    Today’s global population faces continuing challenges, requiring multifaceted approaches

    FUTURE

  • END OF SECTION

    To explore Roosevelt’s life, start with Young Naturalist

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