St’át’imc and Nlaka’pamux - weaving main content.

St’át’imc and Nlaka’pamux - weaving

Part of Northwest Coast Hall.


Blankets made of the wools of the wild mountain goat and a domesticated dog were in use from the Columbia River northward to the Tlingit Indians of Alaska. Mountain goat wool was obtained by hunting; the dog wool came from a special breed of dog, now extinct, which the Indians kept only for its wool. The wools were cleaned by mixing them with white earth and beating them with wooden swords. The wool was made into a roving by rolling between the palm and thigh and twisted into cord with a large spindle. The technique of weaving was simple finger weaving which proceeded from the top downward. The simple frame and the tools displayed here were used by St’át’imc and Nlaka’pamux Indians of the Plateau culture area and the Coast Salish of the Northwest Coast.