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Utensils and tools

Part of Northwest Coast Hall.


Nlaka’pamux tools and utensils were made of stone, bone, wood, bark, and skins. Men made the implements of stone, bone, and wood while women made clothing and utensils of hides, bark, and roots. Flint was fashioned into arrow points and into knife, adze, and skin-scraper blades by removing small chips from a suitable flint blank by press applied with an antler tool. Woodworking tools were hammers on stone, wedges of antler or wood, and knives and adzes with stone blades and wooden hafts. Roots and bark were woven into baskets and bags; and hides were made into clothing. Fire was kindled with a firedrill. Slow matches of bark were sine tunes used to carry fire on journeys. Because roots were a staple of the Thomson diet, the woman’s root-digger was an important root.