Happy Halloween! Learn about Witches' Potions in The Power of Poison main content.

Happy Halloween! Learn about Witches' Potions in The Power of Poison

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On Exhibit posts


Witch The Power of Poison
© AMNH/R. Mickens

Three wicked witches—brewing a vile concoction—will greet you in upcoming exhibition The Power of Poison, opening Saturday, November 16.

Which witches are they? Here’s a hint from the exhibition itself: 

First, a stage direction:

A dark Cave. In the middle, a Caldron boiling. Thunder.

Then, a spell:

“…Double, double toil and trouble;
Fire burn, and cauldron bubble....

Round about the cauldron go;
In the poison'd entrails throw.”

Witches Cauldron The Power of Poison
Three witches brew a vile concoction in the upcoming exhibition The Power of Poison. 
© AMNH/R. Mickens

The three witches from William Shakespeare’s dark tragedy Macbeth sing these words.

Chanting a long list of gruesome ingredients, they drop them in the pot: “Eye of newt and toe of frog, / Wool of bat and tongue of dog, / … For a charm of powerful trouble, / Like a hell-broth boil and bubble.”

The witches’ potion contains several well-known poisons. But it is not for drinking—its magic summons spirits who reveal the future. These ghostly apparitions encourage Macbeth to pursue his treacherous climb to power.


Yes. Many written recipes exist for potions such as witches’ flying ointments. They use ingredients including the poisonous plants hemlock, yew, and “tooth of wolf,” or wolfsbane, all mentioned by Shakespeare as well. Touching wolfsbane can make the skin tingle, as if one is flying through the air. Swallowing it, though, can be fatal.

Aconitum lycoctonum (1640 print Eichstatt)
In their spell, the three witches in Macbeth refer to "tooth of wolf," a reference to monkshood (Aconitum spp.). All parts of this lovely flowering plant, seen in a print from 1640, are toxic. 
Via Wikimedia Commons



Hundreds of years ago, herbal mixtures were made for everything from love potions and baldness cures to flying ointments. Some mixtures were used to heal—and others to kill. These potions, whether poisonous or medicinal, were often thought to work by magic, and in Europe, many people were executed as witches for using them.

A preparator, a woman, works behind-the-scenes at a table to create a model of a witch’s head.
A preparator works behind-the-scenes to create a model of a witch for The Power of Poison exhibition. 
© AMNH/R. Mickens

 Learn more about witches’ potions and much more in The Power of Poison, opening Saturday, November 16.