Sources main content.


Scientific Papers

Brandt, M. E., and J. W. McManus. "Disease incidence is related to bleaching extent in reef-building corals." Ecology, October 2009

Donner, S., et al. "Model-based assessment of the role of human-induced climate change in the 2005 Caribbean coral bleaching event." PNAS, March 27, 2007


Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean 2004 (Blue Marble: Next Generation; satellite: NASA Terra/Aqua, sensor: MODIS)

Reef in St. Lucia (World Resources Institute)

Degree Heating Weeks data (NOAA Coral Reef Watch)

Coral reef boundaries (ReefBase)

Healthy brain coral (Adam Laverty)

Bleached and diseased coral (Courtesy Marilyn Brandt, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami