Data Sources main content.

Data Sources


  • Enric Sala and Stuart Sandin, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA (leads)
  • Special thanks to Alan Friedlander, NOAA/NOS/CCMA-Biogeography Team and The Oceanic Institute, Waimanalo, HI


  • DeMartini, E.E., A.M. Friedlander, S.A. Sandin, and E. Sala. Predation effects revisited: structure of shallow-reef fish assemblages along an exploitation gradient in the northern Line Islands. Marine Ecology Progress Series. (in review)
  • Dinsdale, E.A., et al. Microbial Ecology of Four Coral Atolls in the Northern Line Islands. PLoS ONE. 3(2): e1584. February 27, 2008.
  • Sandin, S.A., et al. Baselines and Degradation of Coral Reefs in the Northern Line Islands. PLoS ONE. 3(2): e1548. February 27, 2008. 

Data and Images

  • Pacific Ocean, March 2004 (Blue Marble: Next Generation; satellite: NASA Terra/Aqua, sensor: MODIS)
  • Line Islands close-ups (Astronaut photos courtesy of Earth Sciences and Image Analysis Laboratory, NASA Johnson Space Center)
  • Kingman Reef underwater photo (Zafer Kizilkaya;
  • Kiritimati and Tabuaeran underwater photos; Kingman Reef coral photo (Jennifer Smith)
  • Kingman Reef (IKONOS satellite image courtesy of GeoEye;
  • Line Islands divers (Kevin Lafferty, USGS)