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In June 2000, scientists triumphantly announced they had deciphered the full human genomethe 3.2 billion units of DNA that make up the blueprint for human life. This sequence was a composite of smaller segments of DNA from many individuals, arranged to make one complete strand. Sequencing this genome cost billions of dollars and took more than a decade using the laboratory tools and techniques developed at the time. Since then, faster and cheaper sequencing techniques have been developed. Now, scientists are able to decode the 3.2 billion DNA units from a single individual in mere months.

This Human Bulletin highlights individuals whose genomes have recently been sequenced. Comparing full genome maps of human beings from around the world will help researchers better understand genetic diseases and develop medical treatments that are tailored to specific peoplethe next frontier in the genomic revolution of medicine.