Credits main content.


George Uhl, National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MD (lead)

Uhl, G. R., et al. “Molecular Genetics of Nicotine Dependence and Abstinence: Whole Genome Association Using 520,000 SNPs.” BMC Genetics 8:10 (2007).

Data and Images
“Nicotine addiction” gene map (G. Uhl/T. Drgon, NIH/NIDA/IRP)
Neurons and glial cells (Paul De Koninck, Laval University,
Neurons influenced by cadherin (Barbara Ranscht, Burnham Institute for Medical Research)

Special thanks to
Barbara Ranscht, Burnham Institute for Medical Research, La Jolla, CA