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New research led by scientists at Germany's Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology confirms that a 40,000-year-old finger bone and tooth belong to a distinct group of humans. The Denisovans, named informally after the Siberian cave that contained the fossils, appear related to Neanderthals. The genetic analysis also shows a curious link between Denisovans and modern-day humans living in Melanesia.