Grades 9-12

Katabatic Winds

Article

Katabatic Winds

While out at sea, Shipp's ship hit a windstorm that was nasty by anyone's definition—wind speeds of 80 knots (70 mph). Learn why it's not uncommon for wind speeds to reach 200 mph in Antarctica.

Maps

Article

Maps

Why are there over 100 types of map projections? Because translating a globe onto a flat surface usually requires some compromise—cartographers must distort some features in order to preserve others.

The Worst Journey in the World

Article

The Worst Journey in the World

Why in the world would anyone spend five weeks trekking into the dark Antarctic winter to bring back a few penguin eggs? Find out, and learn just how harsh the journey was for this three-person team.

Some Background on Antarctica

Article

Some Background on Antarctica

Despite extremely harsh conditions, about 3,500 people go to work in Antarctica each year. And the number of research applications is on the rise. What, exactly, is so alluring about Antarctica?

Letter from Stephanie: Keeping a Journal

Article

Letter from Stephanie: Keeping a Journal

"Keeping a good journal is kind of like having an extra brain," says this glacial geologist. Find out what Shipp records in her second brain when she's conducting field research in Antarctica. 

Antarctic Adaptations

Article

Antarctic Adaptations

Unlike human visitors, Antarctica's plants and animals don't require high-tech gear. How have these organisms adapted to thrive—not just survive—in such an extreme environment?

Temperature & Albedo

Article

Temperature & Albedo

Even during the summer months, the temperatures on Antarctica's coast range around freezing. Inland, it's even chillier. Discover the three reasons why this continent is the coldest place on Earth.

Seasonal Cycle

Interactive

Seasonal Cycle

If the Earth turns all the way around every 24 hours, then why are some days longer than others? And why do we have winter and summer? See the answers for yourself—in a matter of seconds.

seasonal cycle_thumb

Seasonal Cycle

If the Earth turns all the way around every 24 hours, then why are some days longer than others? And why do we have winter and summer? See the answers for yourself—in a matter of seconds.

Going Deep Under the Sea

Activity

Going Deep Under the Sea

What does it take to send a crew to the bottom of the ocean? A sub with 14-inch-thick walls made of a titanium-steel alloy—and a day of calm seas to ensure smooth diving.

Pressure in the Deep Seas

Article

Pressure in the Deep Seas

How pressurized is the ocean floor? Imagine an elephant standing on your big toe—then apply that pressure to your whole body. But thanks to ALVIN, scientists can make the dive comfortably.

Veronique Robigou

Article

Veronique Robigou

You don't need to leave Earth to find life forms that can exist in the harshest of environments. This marine geologist discusses the exciting research being done at the bottom of the ocean.

Weather Conditions Over the Deep Seas

Article

Weather Conditions Over the Deep Seas

What does it take to send a crew to the bottom of the ocean? A sub with 14-inch-thick walls made of a titanium-steel alloy—and a day of calm seas to ensure smooth diving. 

how deep is deep_thumb

How Deep is Deep?

Dive down, down, and down a whole lot more—until you've traveled 2,400 meters to the sea floor. Can you picture how deep that really is? Compare it with the height of famous landmarks, and you will.

SELECT PAGE