Taiwan is a small island, but it's home to more kinds of butterflies than almost any other place in the world. Scientists have discovered about 400 butterfly species. Fifty-five of them are endemic . They live nowhere else in the world!

The reason for this rich variety is Taiwan's diverse habitats — from high mountain grasslands to tropical forests. But these butterflies are under threat. As Taiwan's cities and businesses grow, its butterfly habitats are disappearing.


This butterfly lives on Orchid Island, one of Taiwan's offshore islands.


This is Taiwan's national butterfly. It is endangered.

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This is a collaborative project between the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) and the National Museum of Natural Science in Taiwan (NMNS) to share and exchange their digital resources and extend their outreach to global audiences.Photos: © National Museum of Natural Science Taiwan