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Identical twins have the exact same genes, but their fingerprints are unique.

Bats are the only mammals that can truly fly.

Fireflies aren't flies at all. They're beetles!

Many sauropods grew new teeth as often as once a month, as old ones wore out.

Antarctica is a continent surrounded by ocean. The Arctic is the opposite, an expanse of ocean surrounded by continents.

If melted, the ice sheets covering Antarctica would raise global sea level by almost 70 meters (230 feet).

"Shooting stars" are actually meteors.

Some meteorites are as old as the solar system.

Koalas are not bears. They're marsupials and are more closely related to kangaroos.

Half a million neurons form every minute during the first five months in the womb.

Some meteorites are small pieces of the moon. 

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Arctic Story Puzzles

Illustrations: Eric Hamilton

Race to the South Pole

Photos: Introductory Page: Ross MacPhee, courtesy of Ross MacPhee; Amundsen's team with dogsleds, @copy; The Fram Museum / JFO. THE RACE BEGINS: The Last Great Prize: maps and flags, @copy; AMNH. The British Team: Robert Falcon Scott, Terra Nova, the crew, ponies, @copy; Scott Polar Research Institute; telegram, @copy; Shutterstock. The Norwegian Team: Roald Amundsen, @copy; AGE Fotostock; Fram, courtesy of NOAA; crew, @copy; The Fram Museum / JFO; dogs on Fram, @copy; The Fram Museum / JFO. Land: Terra Nova, @copy; Scott Polar Research Institute; Antarctica scenery and animals, @copy; United States Antarctic Program. WINTER HOME: Setting Up Camp: Antarctica map, @copy; AMNH; Scott's base camp, courtesy of the Library of Congress; Amundsen's base camp, courtesy of Project Gutenberg; penguins and midnight Sun, @copy; Scott Polar Research Institute. British Base Camp: Scott's camp and Scott in study, courtesy of the Library of Congress; bunks, kitchen, and piano, @copy; Scott Polar Research Institute. Norwegian Base Camp: Franheim, entrance to hut, dog tents, foundations, and tents, courtesy of Project Gutenberg; Amundsen, @copy; AMNH. Preparing for the Pole: Olav Bjaaland planing sleds, @copy; The Fram Museum / JFO; British team sewing sleeping bags, preparing pemmican, and setting up depots, @copy; Scott Polar Research Institute. The Menu: pancakes, @copy; The Fram Museum / JFO; kitchen and dinner, @copy; Scott Polar Research Institute. Antarctic Discoveries: Scott, courtesy of the Library of Congress; weather balloon, courtesy of NOAA; Dr. Atkinson, Dr. Debenham, Evans with telescope, @copy; Scott Polar Research Institute. Quest for Penguin Eggs: penguins drawing and safe return, @copy; Scott Polar Research Institute; emperor penguin, @copy; US Antarctic Program; temperature reading, courtesy of NOAA; aurora australis, @copy; NSF. TO THE POLE! Cold-Weather Gear: Amundsen, @copy; AMNH; Scott, courtesy of the Library of Congress. Men vs. Dogs: dog sleds, The Fram Museum / JFO; ponies, motorized sleds, and man-hauling, @copy; Scott Polar Research Institute. Who Won? Norwegians at the Pole, planting the flag, letter to king, Fram, @copy; The Fram Museum / JFO. Beaten to the Pole: Scott's team looking at flag, courtesy of the Library of Congress; Scott's team, courtesy of the Library of Congress. Long Journey Home: blizzard, man-hauling, and grave, @copy; Scott Polar Research Institute; Scott's journal, courtesy of the British Museum; empty tent, @copy; AMNH. LEGACY: Continent of Science: Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, @copy; Dwight Bohnet / NSF; vessel, helicopter, McMurdo Station, and tent, @copy; US Antarctic Program. A Natural Laboratory: fossils, night sky, ice core, balloon, and petrel, @copy; US Antarctic Program. Antarctic Animals: seal, orca, penguins, and jellyfish, @copy; US Antarctic Program; krill, @copy; AGE FotoStock.

Make a Terrarium

Photos: AMNH / Matt Tarr

AT THE MUSEUM

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Nature's Fury: The Science of Natural Disasters

Earthquakes. Volcanoes. Tornadoes. Hurricanes. Awesome in their destructive power, these natural events remind us that we are small and vulnerable—and that living on this dynamic planet will always entail risk.

November 14, 2014 - August 9, 2015

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The Butterfly Conservatory

Dense humidity, lush green plants, and tropical butterflies of every color filling the room—who'd guess this is New York City in the middle of winter?

November 1, 2014 - May 25, 2015

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Volcanoes: Magma Rising

What causes volcanoes to erupt? And how do scientists study them?

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The Butterfly Kingdom

Explore why these fluttering insects are so fascinating. And learn how to pronounce "butterfly" in Chinese!

What Do You Know About the Universe?

Take this quiz to find out!

 

Credits:

Early Childhood and Family Learning at the American Museum of Natural History provides exciting science learning opportunities for young children and families through OLogy, the Discovery Room, the Science and Nature Program, and Public Programs.
 
Support for Early Childhood and Family Learning has been provided by the Filomen M. D'Agostino Foundation, Mona and Ravi Sinha.
 
Additional funding has been provided by Joyce and Bob Giuffra, John and Amy Griffin, and Valerie and Wright Ohrstrom.

The initial development of OLogy was made possible by a generous grant from the Louis Calder Foundation.

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