Sumatran tiger

The Sumatran tiger is found in only one place on Earth—on the island of Sumatra in Indonesia. Fewer than 500 of them are left. They may soon become extinct because people are killing them to sell their skin, teeth, and claws. Also, their habitat is being destroyed as people create farmland.

Scientific name: Pantera tigris sumatrae
Size: eight feet long, 265 pounds
Habitat: found only in the tropical forests of the island of Sumatra in Indonesia
Diet: eats fish, crocodiles, birds, and mammals
Characteristics: the world's smallest tiger; its black stripes help camouflage it in forests
Significance: there are only about 500 Sumatran tigers left in Sumatra today

Image credits: main image: courtesy of Jessie Cohen, Smithsonian National Zoo; Joel Cracraft: Courtesy of Joel Cracraft.