Human Genome Project

Many scientists joined forces on the Human Genome Project. Their goal was to figure out the order of all "DNA letters" (bases) in our genome. Since the human genome is more than 3 billion "letters" long, this is an insanely huge job! By learning about our genome, scientists better understand how our bodies work and how diseases develop.

Important dates: started in the mid-1980s; first draft finished in 2000; completed in 2003
Who was involved: teams of scientists from 18 countries and all over the United States, and a private company
How did they do it: using the latest technology
What was the goal: to understand how human genes work and how diseases develop

Image credits: main image: Kelvin Chan.