whooping crane

The whooping crane is known as the tallest bird in North America. This long legged creature has been struggling to survive since the late 1800s. Through strong conservation efforts, scientists are working hard to save these birds from extinction. Its name comes from its trumpeting bugle-like call. Each year, these birds migrate about 2,600 miles between Canada and Texas.

Scientific name: Grus americana
Size: 4 to 5 feet tall
Diet: insects, clams, fish, rodents
Habitat: wetlands, marshes, and coastal grasslands of southern United States and Canada
Characteristics: white feathers cover head, neck,
and body; black flight feathers; long legs
Threats: habitat destruction and hunting

Image credits: main image: courtesy of Gloria Hopkins.