Mexico is the home of ancient cultures like the Maya and Aztecs. Today, Mexican culture is a blend of old and new. Descendents of native cultures still live in Mexico and carry on many century-old traditions. Native traditions are reflected in Mexican arts and crafts, as well as in colorful religious festivals. In other ways, Mexico is very modern, with its factories, busy international trade, and large urban areas.

Population: 105 million
Size: 756,061 square miles
Capital and largest city: Mexico City
Geography: tropical rain forest, plateaus, mountains, desert
Primary language: Spanish, with many native dialects such as Nahuatl, Zapotec, and Maya still spoken.
Cool fact: Mexico City is the third largest city in the world (behind Tokyo and New York City).

Image credits: courtesy of AMNH;  .