For over 1,000 years, people called the Inuit lived in the Arctic. Long ago, they relied on fishing and hunting for survival in this frigid habitat. Their lives were closely tied with Arctic animals such as seals, caribou, and whales. Today, many Inuit still hunt and fish, but they also hold jobs in industries such as oil exploration and commercial fishing. Sadly, warming temperatures and melting ice are threatening the traditions and lands of this rich culture.

Meaning: Inuit means "The People" in Inuktitut
Definition: Indigenous peoples who live in Arctic regions of North America and Greenland.
Location: Arctic region of Canada, Alaska, and Greenland.
Language: Inuktitut (different dialects are spoken)
Cool fact: "Throat singing" is an Inuit tradition in which two people face each other and create songs and sounds that imitate sounds in nature, like birds, the wind, and running water.

Image credits: main image, courtesy of J. Hollens.