About 120 kilometers (75 miles) off the coast of China is the island of Taiwan. Although this country is small, it is a place of great diversity: diverse geography, wildlife, and people. It has rugged mountains peaks to rolling plains and small villages to the bustling capital city of Taipei. Its diverse landscape and geologic history have also created ideal habitats for many of butterfly species.

Population: 22.9 million
Size: 35,980 square kilometers (a little smaller than Maryland and Delaware combined)
Capital and Largest City: Taipei
Geography: rugged mountains, plains
Official Language: Mandarin Chinese
Natural Hazards: earthquakes, typhoons
Cool Fact: Taiwan is sometimes called Formosa, because early Portuguese sailors called it Ilha Formosa or "Beautiful Island."