Magellan's Iridescent Birdwing

The dazzling Magellan's Iridescent Birdwing is found only on Orchid Island, about 60 kilometers off the southeast coast of Taiwan. In the 1960s, much of the island's coastal forests were destroyed, along with the birthwort and nectar plants that the butterfly needs to survive. At the same time, collectors were catching more Birdwings to keep up with demand. Today, these butterflies are illegal to collect, and only about 2,000 remain.

Image credits: main image, © National Museum of Natural Science Taiwan.