More than four thousand islands—including one big island—make up this nation in the Caribbean Sea. Cuba has a range of ecosystems: forests, caves, wetlands, and coral reefs. These places are home to all kinds of animals, including many that live nowhere else. The Cuban population is diverse as well. It is a mixture of indigenous, or native, people and descendants of Spanish colonists and African slaves, along with new immigrants from Asia, Europe, and around the Caribbean. Cuban traditions—food, dance, music, and visual arts—reflect this multicultural heritage.

Image credits: main image, © AMNH; quote, © AMNH.