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026

Mongolia

OLogy Series
place
card
026

Mongolia

OLogy Series
place

Mongolia is a large country, a bit smaller than Alaska, in the middle of Asia. Most of its people are Mongolian, although there are other ethnic groups. The major religion is Tibetan Buddhism. In the last ten years this country has been going through many political and economic changes.

A Place for Their Stuff
Because the Museum expedition team returns to Mongolia every summer, they have arranged for a compound in the country's capital, Ulaanbaatar (oo-LAN bah-TAR). There they store their jeeps, cars, and other supplies all year round. Several months before the expedition begins, members of the Museum team fly out to Los Angeles to shop for food and supplies. They then load all the stuff on a truck, drive out to a dock, and put it on a ship bound for China.

If you wanted to buy something in Mongolia, what type of currency would you use? The:

yen

novacek

tugrug

Are you right?

Correct!

One tugrug is worth about 0.1 cents.

What two countries border Mongolia?

Russia and China

India and Pakistan

Brazil and Chile

Are you right?

Correct!

Mongolia lies south of Russia and north of China.

Mongolia is completely covered by desert.

Fact
or
Fiction
?

Fiction

Actually, Mongolia's landscape is quite diverse. It consists of mountains and several hundred lakes.

Located in: Central Asia
Capital: Ulaanbaatar
Population: 2,287,000
Language: Khalkha Mongolian
Area: 632,000 square miles; the sixth largest country in Asia
Significance: Since the early 1920s, scientists have been journeying to Mongolia's Gobi Desert in search of precious fossils. The Gobi is a fossil "gold mine" for paleontologists.

Image credits: courtesy Discovery Channel Online.