Mongolia is a large country, a bit smaller than Alaska, in the middle of Asia. Most of its people are Mongolian, although there are other ethnic groups. The major religion is Tibetan Buddhism. In the last ten years this country has been going through many political and economic changes.

Located in: Central Asia
Capital: Ulaanbaatar
Population: 2,287,000
Language: Khalkha Mongolian
Area: 632,000 square miles; the sixth largest country in Asia
Significance: Since the early 1920s, scientists have been journeying to Mongolia's Gobi Desert in search of precious fossils. The Gobi is a fossil "gold mine" for paleontologists.

Image credits: courtesy Discovery Channel Online.