Bengal tiger

This mighty member of the cat family is a powerful predator. It can leap up to 30 feet in the air, climb trees, and even swim. Tigers aren't picky carnivores. They will eat critters as small as a mouse but prefer larger prey, even a meal as big as a one-ton water buffalo! In 1920, there were roughly 100,000 tigers in the world. Today, there are fewer than 4,000.

Scientific name: Panthera tigris tigris
Size: 4 to 9 feet long
Weight: 395 to 570 pounds
Habitat: forests of India, Bangladesh, Nepal, and other surrounding countries
Diet: birds and mammals
Characteristics: powerful jaws; reddish-orange fur with black stripes
Threats: habitat destruction and overhunting

Image credits: main image: courtesy of Jaimie Veronica, WildCat Photography.