card
161

Albert Einstein

OLogy Series
ologist
card
161

Albert Einstein

OLogy Series
ologist

Albert Einstein was a Nobel Prize-winning physicist who changed the way we think about our world and our Universe. His theories of relativity revolutionized our understanding of energy, matter, motion, time, and space. Einstein's studies ranged from the smallest scale (atoms and molecules) to the largest (all motion of the Universe).

Einstein's Compass
When Albert Einstein was five years old, he received a magnetic compass. Young Albert was mesmerized by the instrument, struck by curiosity at the invisible force that kept pulling the needle to the north. This simple gift sparked a lifelong curiosity in science and the hidden mysteries behind the way the world works. But Albert was more than curious -- he was also determined and patient. When he had a question about the way something worked, he would tirelessly seek an answer. He learned about electricity and inventions from his uncle and his father. A college student living with the family shared books about math, physics, and geometry with Albert. These experiences laid the groundwork for one of the greatest minds of the 20th century.

Albert Einstein was also known as a pacifist. This means that he was:

against war

pro-war

an expert on the Pacific Ocean

Are you right?

Correct!

Albert Einstein was interested in more than just science. He was also very active politically. He was a humanitarian who spoke out against the use of violence to achieve any kind of political goal.

Einstein's General Theory of Relativity was the first major theory of gravity since:

Isaac Newton's theories of gravity

Kermit the Frog's theory of amphibians

Charles Darwin's theories of evolution

Are you right?

Correct!

Einstein's General Theory of Relativity was the first major theory of gravity since Isaac Newton's, more than 250 years earlier. Einstein's theory showed that the mass of an object warps the time and space around it, creating gravity.

Albert Einstein

Peace cannot be kept by force. It can only be achieved by understanding.

Albert Einstein was against using thought experiments to solve scientific problems.

Fact
or
Fiction
?

Fiction

Einstein was a master at thought experiments. In fact, his curiosity about what it would be like to ride on a beam of light led to many of his famous discoveries about light.

Date of Birth: March 14, 1879
Date of Death: April 18, 1955
Hometown: Ulm, Germany; also lived in Switzerland and the United States
Position: physicist
Education: Federal Institute of Technology (Zurich), University of Zurich (Ph.D.)
Known for: theories of relativity; contributing more than any other scientist to our understanding of physical reality; social activism

Image credits: courtesy of AMNH Department of Library Services 281479; courtesy of the Albert Einstein Archives, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel.