Robert Falcon Scott

In 1910, British naval officer Robert Falcon Scott set sail for Antarctica aboard the Terra Nova. He hoped to be the first to reach the South Pole. After a grueling journey, Scott and 4 teammates reach- ed the Pole in 1912--only to find that a Norwegian team had beaten them. Scott's team died from cold and starvation on the return trip. But his expedi- tion wasn't a failure. His team's scientific research paved the way for future exploration of Antarctica.

Lived: 1868-1912
Hometown: Devon, United Kingdom
Job: Captain, British Royal Navy
Known for: Leading the British expedition that reached the South Pole in January, 1912
Legacy: In 1956, the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station was built as a base for scientific research in Antarctica.
Cool Fact: A lifelong sailor, Scott entered cadet training for the British navy when he was only 13!

Image credits: main image, Scott Polar Research Institute.