Robert Falcon Scott

In 1910, British naval officer Robert Falcon Scott set sail for Antarctica aboard the Terra Nova. He hoped to be the first to reach the South Pole. After a grueling journey, Scott and 4 teammates reached the Pole in 1912—only to find that a Norwegian team had beaten them. Scott's team died from cold and starvation on the return trip. But his expedition wasn't a failure. His team's scientific research paved the way for future exploration of Antarctica.

Image credits: main image, Scott Polar Research Institute.