Dimorphodon macronyx

Until 1828, pterosaur fossils had been found only in Germany. Then a new kind of pterosaur fossil was discovered in England. Dimorphodon macronyx was stockier than its German cousins. This new pterosaur also had shorter wings, a larger head, and a longer tail. This discovery showed that pterosaurs were more varied and lived in more places than once believed.

Image credits: main image, © AMNH 2014; Mark Norell: AMNH.