When plates move past each other
When oceanic or continental plates slide past each other in opposite directions, or move in the same direction but at different speeds, a transform fault boundary is formed. No new crust is created or subducted, and no volcanoes form, but earthquakes occur along the fault. The transform fault boundaries connect spreading centers and subduction zones, which are the other elements of the jigsaw puzzle of the Earth’s plates.
Topic: Earth Science
Subtopic: Plate Tectonics
Keywords: Subduction zones, Earthquakes, Plate tectonics, Faults (Geology)
This strand of the San Andreas cuts through layers of sedimentary rock in the Anza-Borrego Desert in southern California.
Deep-sea transform faults, such as the Atlantis, offset the mid-ocean ridges, breaking them up into segments.
The San Andreas is probably the best-known transform fault boundary.
The Anatolian transform fault system is probably the most active in the world.