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Why is it Always Cold in Antarctica?

These resources help students to analyze the factors that underline Antarctica’s extreme cold conditions.

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Article

Excerpt: The Last March by Robert Falcon Scott

In November 1911, Robert Falcon Scott set out for the South Pole, hoping to be first. After the disappointment of coming in second, Scott tried to return to his ship. Read excerpts from his diary.

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Article

Meteorology in the Poles

It takes only about a month for any change in Antarctica's weather to be felt in North America—pretty remarkable when you consider that Antarctica is 12,874 kilometers (8,000 miles) away.

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Article

Sea Ice and Climate in Antarctica

At the poles, it's possible to study sea ice that's 3,000 years old. Find out what scientists learn by cutting up ice cores and seeing the ice crystals' many different textures and colors.

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Article

Temperature & Albedo

Even during the summer months, the temperatures on Antarctica's coast range around freezing. Inland, it's even chillier. Discover the three reasons why this continent is the coldest place on Earth.

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Antarctic Weather Reports

The weather station names paint quite a picture of Antarctica—Penguin Point, Ski-Hi, and Windless Bight. Which one would you guess had the lowest temperature? And what month was it recorded in?

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Activity

Amazing Albedo

There's a good reason why your summer attire is lighter and brighter than your winter wardrobe. This easy experiment illustrates the power of albedo in black and white.

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Activity

What's the Angle?

Why is there such a dramatic temperature change between the equator and the South Pole? Explore all the angles of sunlight with a few thermometers and a heat lamp.

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