More than 200 frog species live in Madagascar, 99 percent of which exist only on this California-sized island off of the coast of Africa. Many new species are still being discovered. Collaborating with the University of Antananarivo, Museum Curator Christopher Raxworthy and others are working toward a comprehensive list of the frogs on the island. One survey technique uses pitfall traps to capture secretive ground-dwelling frogs. A few species can survive without intact forest. But most others are declining in Madagascar due to habitat loss—primarily forest being cleared for subsistence farming.
Listen to the calls of some of the frogs of Madagascar: