Prendini, Lorenzo main content.

Lorenzo Prendini

Lorenzo-Prendini

Curator, Arachnida, Myriapoda Collections
Principal Investigator, Sackler Institute for Comparative Genomics
Professor, Richard Gilder Graduate School

Phone:
212-769-5843
Fax:
212-769-5277

Education

  • University of Cape Town, Ph.D., 2001
  • University of Cape Town, B.Sc., (Hons), 1995 
  • University of the Witwatersrand, B.Sc., 1994

Research Interests

Dr. Prendini’s research addresses the systematics, biogeography and evolution of scorpions, using a combination of morphological, molecular and distributional data, and diverse analytical tools. Current research on scorpions is focused in three main areas: reconstructing the phylogeny and revising the contentious suprageneric classification of scorpions; systematic revisions of Afrotropical, New World, and Australasian scorpion families (work in the latter two regions conducted mostly by trainees under Prendini’s supervision and forming part of grant-funded initiatives); testing adaptational and biogeographical hypotheses in sub-Saharan Africa. Prendini is developing similar research programs into the systematics of three little known arachnid orders: whip spiders (Amblypygi), sun spiders (Solifugae) and whip scorpions (Thelyphonida). The search for interesting arachnids has taken Prendini and his research group to more than 30 countries on all continents except Antarctica. Besides arachnids, Prendini is interested in the evolution of insect-plant associations and in theoretical issues concerning the phylogenetic analysis of morphological data including, but not limited to, methods for representing terminal taxa, differential character weighting, dynamic homology of trichobothria, and the coding of sexually dimorphic and serially homologous characters.

Please contact Dr. Prendini if you are interested in borrowing Arachnida (Araneae), Arachnida (non-Araneae) or Myriapoda or visiting these parts of the collection.

Publications

(Last 5 years)

Pizarro-Araya, J., Ojanguren-Affilastro, A.A., and Prendini, L. 2011. First report of an arboreal scorpion (Bothriuridae: Urophonius) from the temperate forests of southern Chile. Gayana 75(2): 166–170.

Engelbrecht, I. and Prendini, L. 2011. An assessment of the taxonomic resolution of southern African trapdoor spiders (Araneae: Ctenizidae; Cyrtaucheniidae; Idiopidae) and implications for their conservation. Biodiversity and Conservation 20: 3101–3116.

Ojanguren-Affilastro, A.A., Pizarro-Araya, J., and Prendini, L. 2011. New data on Chilean Urophonius Pocock, 1893 (Scorpiones, Bothriuridae), with description of a new species. American Museum Novitates 3725: 1–44.

Ochoa, J.A., Ojanguren-Affilastro, A.A., Mattoni, C.I., and Prendini, L. 2011. Systematic revision of the Andean scorpion genus Orobothriurus Maury, 1976 (Bothriuridae), with discussion of the altitude record for scorpions. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 359: 1–90.

Prendini, L. 2011a. Order Scorpiones C.L. Koch, 1850. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3148: 115–117.

Prendini, L. 2011b. Order Solifugae Sundevall, 1833. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3148: 118.

Prendini, L. 2011c. Order Palpigradi Thorell, 1888. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3148: 121.

Prendini, L. 2011d. Order Ricinulei Thorell, 1876. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3148: 122.

Prendini, L. 2011e. Order Amblypygi Thorell, 1883. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3148: 154.

Prendini, L. 2011f. Order Thelyphonida Latreille, 1804. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3148: 155.

Prendini, L. 2011g. Order Schizomida Petrunkevitch, 1945. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3148: 156.

Mattoni, C.I., Ochoa, J.A., Ojanguren-Affilastro, A.A., and Prendini, L. 2012. Orobothriurus (Scorpiones: Bothriuridae) phylogeny, Andean biogeography, and the relative importance of genitalic and somatic characters. Zoologica Scripta 41(2): 160–176.

Ojanguren-Affilastro, A.A., Mattoni, C.I., Ochoa, J.A., and Prendini, L. 2012. Rumikiru, n. gen. (Scorpiones: Bothriuridae), a new scorpion genus from the Atacama Desert. American Museum Novitates 3731: 1–43.

Engelbrecht, I. and Prendini, L. 2012. Cryptic diversity of South African trapdoor spiders: Three new species of Stasimopus Simon, 1892 (Mygalomorphae, Ctenizidae), and redescription of Stasimopus robertsi Hewitt, 1910. American Museum Novitates 3732: 1–42.

Sissom, W.D., Hughes, G.B., Bryson, R.W., Jr., and Prendini, L. 2012. The vorhiesi group of Vaejovis C.L. Koch, 1836 (Scorpiones: Vaejovidae) in Arizona, with description of a new species from the Hualapai Mountains. American Museum Novitates 3742: 1–19.

Volschenk, E.S., Harvey, M.S. and Prendini, L. 2012. A new species of Urodacus (Scorpiones: Urodacidae) from Western Australia. American Museum Novitates 3748: 1–18.

Klußman-Fricke, B.-J., Prendini, L., and Wirkner, C.S. 2012. Evolutionary morphology of the hemolymph vascular system in scorpions: A character analysis. Arthropod Structure & Development 41: 545–560.

Graham, M.R., Jaeger, J.R., Prendini, L., and Riddle, B.R. 2013. Phylogeography of the Arizona hairy scorpion (Hadrurus arizonensis) supports a model of biotic assembly in the Mojave Desert and adds a new Pleistocene refugium. Journal of Biogeography 40(7): 1298–1312.

Murienne, J., Benavides, L.R., Prendini, L., Hormiga, G., and Giribet, G. 2013. Forest refugia in Western and Central Africa as ‘museums’ of Mesozoic biodiversity. Biology Letters 9: 20120932 (8 pp.).

Bryson, R.W., Jr., Riddle, B.R., Graham, M.R., Tilston Smith, B., and Prendini, L. 2013. As old as the hills: Montane scorpions in southwestern North America reveal an ancient association between biotic diversification and landscape history. PLoS One 8(1): e52822 (11 pp.).

Ochoa, J.A., Rojas-Runjaic, F., Pinto-da-Rocha, R., and Prendini, L. 2013. Systematic revision of the Neotropical genus Chactopsis Kraepelin, 1912 (Scorpiones: Chactidae), with descriptions of two new genera and four new species. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 378: 1–121.

Santibáñez-Lopez, C.E., Francke, O.F. and Prendini, L. 2013. Systematics of the keyserlingii group of Diplocentrus Peters, 1861 (Scorpiones: Diplocentridae), with descriptions of three new species from Oaxaca, Mexico. American Museum Novitates 3777: 1–47.

Bryson, R.W., Jr., Savary, W.E., and Prendini, L. 2013. Biogeography of scorpions in the Pseudouroctonus minimus complex (Vaejovidae) from south-western North America: Implications of ecological specialization for pre-Quaternary diversification. Journal of Biogeography 40(10): 1850–1860.

Graham, M.R., Jaeger, J.R., Prendini, L., and Riddle, B.R. 2013. Phylogeography of Beck's desert scorpion, Paruroctonus becki, reveals Pliocene diversification in the Eastern California Shear Zone and postglacial expansion in the Great Basin Desert. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69: 502–513.

Monod, L., Harvey, M.S., and Prendini, L. 2013. Stenotopic Hormurus Thorell, 1876 scorpions from the monsoon ecosystems of northern Australia, with a discussion on the evolution of burrowing behaviour in Hormuridae Laurie, 1896. Revue suisse de Zoologie 120(2): 281–346.

González-Santillán, E. and Prendini, L. 2013. Redefinition and generic revision of the North American vaejovid scorpion subfamily Syntropinae Kraepelin, 1905, with descriptions of six new genera. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 382: 1–71.

Miller, A.L., Makowsky, R.A., Formanowicz, D.R., Prendini, L., and Cox, C.L. 2014. Cryptic genetic diversity and complex phylogeography of the boreal North American scorpion, Paruroctonus boreus (Vaejovidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 71: 298–307.

Bryson, R.W., Jr., Prendini, L., Savary, W.E., and Pearman, P.B. 2014. Caves as microrefugia: Pleistocene phylogeography of the troglophilic North American scorpion Pseudouroctonus reddelli. BMC Evolutionary Biology 14(9): 1–16.

Monod, L. and Prendini, L. 2014. Evidence for Eurogondwana: The roles of dispersal, extinction and vicariance in the evolution and biogeography of Indo-Pacific Hormuridae (Scorpiones: Scorpionoidea). Cladistics 31(1): 71–111.

Cushing, P.E., Casto, P., Knowlton, E.D., Royer, S., Laudier, D., Gaffin, D.D., Prendini, L., and Brookhart, J.O. 2014. Comparative morphology and functional significance of setae called papillae on the pedipalps of male camel spiders (Arachnida, Solifugae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 107(2): 510–520.

Tahir, H.M. and Prendini, L. 2014. Redescription of Heterometrus latimanus and confirmation of the genus Heterometrus (Scorpiones: Scorpionidae) in Pakistan. American Museum Novitates 3805: 1–23.

Tahir, H.M., Navidpour, S., and Prendini, L. 2014. First reports of Razianus Farzanpay, 1987 (Scorpiones: Buthidae) from Iraq and Pakistan, descriptions of two new species, and redescription of Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903). American Museum Novitates 3806: 1–26.

Foord, S.H., Gelebe, V., and Prendini, L. 2014. Effects of aspect and altitude on scorpion diversity along an environmental gradient in the Soutpansberg, South Africa. Journal of Arid Environments 113: 114–120.

Santibáñez-Lopez, C.E., Francke, O.F. and Prendini, L. 2014. Kolotl n. gen. (Scorpiones: Diplocentridae) a new scorpion genus from Mexico. American Museum Novitates 3815: 1–14.

Loria, S.F. and Prendini, L. 2014. Homology of the lateral eyes of Scorpiones: A six-ocellus model. PLoS One 9(12): e112913 (30 pp.).

Santibáñez-Lopez, C.E., Francke, O.F. and Prendini, L. 2014. Phylogeny of the North American scorpion genus Diplocentrus Peters, 1861 (Scorpiones: Diplocentridae) based on morphology, nuclear and mitochondrial DNA. Arthropod Systematics and Phylogeny 72(3): 257–279.

Santibáñez-Lopez, C.E., Francke, O.F. and Prendini, L. 2014. Shining a light into the world’s deepest caves: Phylogenetic systematics of the troglobiotic scorpion genus Alacran Francke, 1982 (Typhlochactidae: Alacraninae). Invertebrate Systematics 28: 643–664.

Mattoni, C.I., García-Hernández, S., Botero-Trujillo, R., Ochoa, J.A., Ojanguren-Affilastro, A.A., Pinto-da-Rocha, R., and Prendini, L. 2015. Scorpion sheds ‘tail’ to escape: Consequences and implications of autotomy in scorpions (Buthidae: Ananteris). PLoS One 10(1): e0116639 (15 pp.).

González-Santillán, E. and Prendini, L. 2015. Phylogeny of the North American vaejovid scorpion subfamily Syntropinae Kraepelin, 1905, based on morphology, mitochondrial and nuclear DNA. Cladistics 31(4): 341–405.

Talal, S., Tesler, I., Sivan, J., Ben-Shlomo, R., Tahir, H.M., Prendini, L., Snir, S., and Gefen, E. 2015. Scorpion speciation in the Holy Land: Multilocus phylogeography corroborates diagnostic differences in morphology and burrowing behavior among Scorpio subspecies and justifies recognition as phylogenetic, ecological and biological species. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 91: 226–237.

Bird, T.L., Wharton, R.A., and Prendini, L. 2015. Cheliceral morphology in Solifugae (Arachnida): Primary homology, terminology, and character survey. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 394: 1–355.

Cushing, P.E., Graham, M.R., Prendini, L., and Brookhart, J.O. 2015. A multilocus molecular phylogeny of the endemic North American camel spider family Eremobatidae (Arachnida: Solifugae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 92: 280–293.

Prendini, L. 2015. A remarkably small species of Uroplectes Peters, 1861 (Scorpiones: Buthidae) endemic to the Succulent Karoo of the Northern Cape Province, South Africa. African Invertebrates 56(2): 499–513.

González-Santillán, E. and Prendini, L. 2015. Systematic revision of the North American syntropine vaejovid scorpions with a subaculear tubercle, Konetontli González-Santillán and Prendini, 2013. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 397: 1–78.

Prendini, L. 2015. Three new Uroplectes (Scorpiones: Buthidae) with punctate metasomal segments from tropical central Africa. American Museum Novitates 3840: 1–32.

Teaching Experience

(Recent)

Faculty Appointments

  • Adjunct Professor, Department of Biology, CUNY, 2003 - present.
  • Adjunct Professor, Department of Entomology, Colorado State University, 2008–present.

Courses Taught

  • RGGS:
    • Core Course in Systematics (Classification, Taxonomy, Nomenclature, PhyloCode, DNA Barcoding, Species Concepts, Reticulation, Phylogeography and Coalescence), 2008–2010.
    • Entomology Course, guest lecture (Insect Relatives with Introduction to Chelicerata), 2012.
  • Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boqer, Israel:
    • Israel Taxonomy Initiative (Systematics and Diversity of Scorpions, with Introduction to the Israeli Fauna), 26–29 August, 2013. 

Graduate Advisees

  • Stephanie Loria, RGGS (2011–)

Graduate Committees

  • Chair:
    • Stephanie Loria, RGGS (2011–)
  • Committee Member:
    • Bernardo Santos, RGGS
    • Jeremy Frank, RGGS

External Links