The Division of Paleontology seeks to describe the diversity of extinct invertebrates and vertebrates, and explore the mechanisms driving their evolution and extinction.

In fulfillment of this objective, the division collects, maintains, and researches specimens of fossil and subfossil invertebrates and vertebrates, and the data associated with these specimens, aiming always to provide the highest standards of curatorial care, and to promote and assist access to the collections by bona fide scholars.